Catholic Church and the Counter Reformation (Lectures and Objectives (The…
Catholic Church and the Counter Reformation
Lectures and Objectives
The Council of Trent (1545-1563) examined how the Catholic Church would reform for the better. It played a vital role in revitalizing the Roman Catholic Church in many parts of Europe.
The Catholic Church formed a new order called the Jesuits led by Ignatius Loyola and emphasized education.
The Catholic Church responded to the Protestant movement with the Counter Reformation.
The baroque art, music, and architecture style was adopted by the Catholic Church to bring out the strong emotions of the Christian faith.
Council of Trent
Reformation of Church Practice.
Scripture: The Foundation of Catholic Doctrine
Affirmation of Catholic Doctrine
Tradition: Respect for Precedent
Jesuits and Ignatius Loyola
As a young man Ignatius Loyola was inflamed by the ideals of courtly love and knighthood.
Reading the lives of Jesus and the saints made Ignatius happy and aroused desires to do great things.
St. Ignatius Loyola was born in 1491, one of 13 children of a family of minor nobility in northern Spain.
Over the years, Ignatius became expert in the art of spiritual direction.
Baroque and the Counter Reformation
This stricter style of Catholic Biblical art - launched by the Council of Trent (1545-63)
developed during the period c.1560-1700, in response to Martin Luther's revolt against Rome
Designed to highlight the theological differences between Catholicism and Protestantism
The term "Catholic Counter-Reformation art" describes the more stringent, doctrinal style of Christian art