INFO1 C1 - Health & Safety (Law (Employers Responsibility (Other…
INFO1 C1 - Health & Safety
Responsible for making sure that equipment is used correctly and safely. Not allowed to plug or unplug electricals
Equip is positioned in a place where accessible by employees; no stretching or obstructions
Training provided to use workstations
Provide regular eye tests for station users and pay for glasses
Electrical: regular safety tests, all trailing leads covered or tied, relevant fire extinguishers are used and serviceable
Lighting: Light from above to reduce shadows, surfaces non-reflective, screens must be positioned 90 deg from windows; avoids glare and blinds and curtains must be used to prevent also.
Heat: temp. of the room should provide a pleasant working atmosphere
Noise: ICT is noisy, noise pollution should be reduced
Space: access to station - aisles, positioning away from cramped areas - corners and doorways. Space for mouse and paper docs.
Comfort: desk at the right height, ergonomic seats have adjustable abilities. Space under desks raised keyboards and flicker-free monitors.
Regular Breaks: breaks from monitor must be taken to prevent eye-strain.
Software - should be easily adaptable to user's experience. Bad is stressful.
Bad Software slows user:
Incomprehensible error messages
Use of non standard keys
Bad structure menus
Poor lay of input screens
Effects and wrong colour usage.
Stations are operated corretly, in accordance to training provided by employer
Problems to the attention of employer immediately and co-operate with correction of problems
Manufacture's of IT
Ensures products comply with health and safety regulations, screens must tilt and swivel
Keyboards must be sperate and movable
Promoting Laptops NOT for entering large amounts of data
Health and Safety
Problems Caused by ICT equipment
Major work related illness. Symptoms include, headache s, loss of appetite.
ICT systems additional pressure
Used to monitor performance
Fear and Panic particularlyin older gens
Constantly bring about the need to perform new tasks
Immposible to escape them
Software can be difficult to use
(Repetitive Strain Injury) caused by excess use of keyboards, mice and phones. Affects hands wrists, elbows, arms and shoulders; caused by repeating similar movements. Prevent by regular breaks
Occurs from long hours in front of screens. No evidence of permanent damage.
Glare from lighting affecting screen
Light direct to screen or shadows
Constant re-focusing; paper to screen
Sitting too close to the screen
(Extremely Low Frequency) Exposure to ELF is an everyday occurrence as it occurs naturally - sun, fire and magnetic effects
Back ache neck problems
Caused from improper seating posture of humans and positioning of keyboard.Prevented by taking breaks and sitting correctly
Deep Vein Thrombosis
Caused by sitting for long periods of time from not moving legs. Develops blood clots that work back to the heart. Prevented by taking regular breaks.
Health and Safety at work act 1974 & Health and Safety regulations 1992
Employees have regular eye examinations, pay for glasses if needed
Workstations and electrical equipment are tested regularly
Ergonomic designed chairs are provided
Working conditions are suitable for emplyee
Plan work so breaks can be taken regularly
Health and Safety and fire and emergency training provided
Environment is safe from fire hazards and obstructions
Provide trained first aid personel
Allow Pregnant women to work away from VDU equipment, due to radiation levels
Visual Display Units
Hardware and Software Problems
Poor Software Design can H&S guideline set out by devs
New software to look and feel the same as the old. Ensures user does not become stressed using new software
User interface to be designed user friendly, to reduce stress when using system
Training of Software must be available for all
Companies allowing Back comp so data stored on older software can be used on new software
Software must be designed to reduce health problems; less use of mouse and keyboard and the use of text and menus that are easily read, and prevent eye strain
Acts of parliament that cover employees working with IT systems
Employees refers to someone that is paid, so students are not covered