Conscious Thought & Unconscious Thought (Cognitive Unconscious…
Conscious Thought & Unconscious Thought
DEFINE: mental activity that you’re not aware of but that makes possible your ordinary interactions with the world
Consciousness is guided by unconscious framework
Products vs. Process
Aware of mental products
Unawatre of mental processes;
leads to undetectable errors
"Name rings a bell"
"I must have gotten a good view after all"
Interpretation and Inference
sense of knowing your own thoughts may be an illusion
Introspective reports are wrong—ignoring factors we know to be crucial, highlighting factors we know to be irrelevant.
Action slips: you do something different from what you intend
Consciousness and Excutive Control
Role of Control
Helpful not have control since we can operate w/o supervision
Focus on other matters
Why? Biology and stored routine
Prerequisites for Control
DEFINE: Skills in monitoring and controlling their own mental processes
People’s knowledge about, awareness of, and control over their own memory; also, beliefs about memory
There is no one place consciousness happens
Two Broad Sites
Some brain sites are crucial for your level of alertness or sensitivity, independent of what you’re currently sensitive to
Some set of brain sites matter for the content of consciousness
A specific claim about how the brain makes conscious experience possible; the proposal is that “workspace neurons” link together the activity of various specialized brain areas, and this linkage makes possible integration and comparison of different types of information.
Attention both amplifies and sustains neural activity
Continue thinking about a stimulus or an idea even after the specific trigger for that idea has been removed
Working Memory linkage
Integration allows you to reflect on relationships among various inputs or ideas; it also allow you to produce new combinations of ideas and new combinations of operations
Neuronal Workspace and Executive Control
Workspace provides a plausible neural basis for executive functioning and, with this, enables you to escape the limits that seem to characterize unconscious processing.
Allows you to detect conflict enabling you to shift processing in one system
Anterior cingulate cortex (ACC)
Awake vs. Asleep
The Role of Phenomenal Experience
"Hard Problem" of Consciousness
centers on what it actually feels like to have certain experiences—that is, the subjective experience
The subjective conscious experiences or “raw feels” of awareness.
Can be defined as one’s sensitivity to certain types of information
Personal and subjective