The Influence of Granville (Religious policy (Idea dropped by 1563 as…
The Influence of Granville
Who was he?
Son of important politician who was chancellor to Charles V
Became a bishop at 23
In 1560 appointed chief advisor to Magaret
Loyal servant of Charles V and Philip II - suitable choose
Worked in the interests of Philip
Was made Archbishop of Mechelen
Had control over all the bishoprics in the Netherlands
Acquired great wealth
In 1560 his arbishopric was amalgaated with the Abbey of Afflighen in Brabant and he received 90,000 florins due to the abbot.
Promoted to cardinal in 1561
Gave him precedence in Council of State meetings. Usually reserved for most prominent of grandees (Egmont or Orange).
An Affront to their heritage
Appointment seen as a personal indignity to the principle grandee families who wrote a formal letter of protest too the king, which was eventually posted on 15 August 1561.
Pursued policy against heretics with great vigour and determination. :fire:
Vociferously challenged by magistrates and traders of Antwerp - feared losing trade and trampling local privildges
Idea dropped by 1563 as Antwerp was a major financial interest for Spain and the rest of the empire because of trading potential and banking facilities. :frowning_face:
Suspended any more appointments. :red_cross:
Traded with Holy Roman empire - in which protestantism was very popular - and England
As Chief Advisor was also head cleric in the Netherlands
Supported the establishment of more inquisitors
People's opinion :frowning_face:
Associated with people's perceived attempt to reduce both the autonomy of the provinces and the influence of the grandees.
Person who benefited most from the changes - especially the reforms of the church :champagne:
Disregard for local traditions made increasing noble of merchants and dutch elite unhappy about Habsburg rule :forbidden: