Billeting the Spanish Troops and Appointment of Spanish Councillors (under…
Billeting the Spanish Troops and Appointment of Spanish Councillors (under Magaret of Palma)
Philip left regiment of 3,000 in Spanish
Were to garrison the southern border.
Claimed there were needed to protect the Netherlands from attack.
Dutch nobles were suspicious
They thought that they were in the Netherlands to control them and remind them that their ruler was the king of Spain.
Concerned king was using N as a Spanish colony to gain useful influence in Lombard, Sicily and Naples.
Further undermined Margaret of Palma's regency - she was already inexperienced politically.
States general didn't keep promise to fund soldiers
Significant political stand of
Unpaid troops became restless and mutinous
Relented sending the of to the Mediterranean in January 1561 in return for his subsidy.
Consulta set up = Granville + Spanish advisors
Would be loyal and have same religious views as Philip. Also no vested interest in the Netherlands
Replaced Nobles with Spanish favourites
Palma's secretary - Tomas de Armenteros (council of Philip's secretary of state)
Alonso del Canto and Cristobal de Castellanos in Antwerp. They had to handle royal and monitor heresy.
Most important minister is Granville (Antoine Perrenot)
Resented - he used patronage to advance own family and associates
Angered nobles who wanted their opinions to be heard. They should be advising: they had traditional rights, local knowledge, and understanding of what is best for the low countries.
Also had to agree not to appoint more Spaniard as councillors in January 1561
To appease nobility William of Orange was made a Stadholder of Holland, Zealand and Utrecht and in 1562 was made Stadholder of Franche-Comte