Material Requirement Planning (5. What are the challenges in MRP? Briefly…
Material Requirement Planning
1. Explain what is MRP
:check: MRP is the inputs of the production planning, scheduling, and inventory control system used to manage manufacturing processes.
:check: MRP starts in the sales department with drawing up a sales plan, providing an estimate of the volume to be sold
2. What are the objectives of MRP?
Ensure the availability of materials, componenets and products for planned production and for customer delivery.
Mailtain the lowest possible level of inventory
Plan activities such as manufacturing, delivery schedules and purchasing
3. Explain the terms inventory, capacity and priority in MRP.
The right quantity
At the right time :
Order the right part
Keep the due date valid
Order with the right due date
Plan for a complete load
An accuate load
An adequate time to view future load
4. Explain types of MRP system.
Bill of Materials (BOM)
Information involved with the description, quantity per assembly, quantity per end item, part number, lead times and next higher assembly.
Process end item
Inventory Status Records.
Up to date status of all items, hands on and scheduled receipts from suppliers
Receipt disbursement withdrawal documented
Master Production Schedule
MPS is developed from
forecasts and firm customer
orders for end items, safety stock
requirements and internal order
The demand for end items is
scheduled over a number of time
periods and recorded on a MPS
5. What are the challenges in MRP? Briefly explain.
:timing of demand
timing of supply