The main most significant effects of the World Wars (Political effects: ,…
The main most significant effects of the World Wars
World War 1
caused the pre-establishment of the Europe's political order in general e.g. Germany loosing all of its power -> Keiser abdicating. England significantly weakened by the war, loses its grip on the colones can no longer be considered a functioning empire. France is devastated by the war resulting in the urgent election.
Breakdown of the pre-established order
.e.g. political activity is largely suspended during war time, businesses liquidate or are channeled into war effort.
British coalition government which did not unveil any new laws during war time, except those related to winning the war
World War one caused the re-establishment of the Europe's political order in general e.g. Germany loosing all of its power -> Keiser abdicating. England significantly weakened by the war, loses its grip on the colones can no longer be considered a functioning empire. France is devastated by the war resulting in the urgent election.
WW2 also ended
- Roosevelt's vision for the post war world and the spreading of democracy
Treaty of Versailles attempted to return ethnic groups to their original homelands whilst also safeguarding the rights of those ethnic groups who were caught within the frontiers of states dominated by other national groups.
Economic order is broken down post war. For example, thousands of young men return to find that they can no longer occupy the jobs they had left before. Unemployment rates rocket as well as demands for welfare systems. International trade takes a long time to reach pre-war levels: lasting rationing etc in Britain right up until the mid 1950s
Women got more rights and in some countries their voices were finally recognised o the political scale -> British women got the vote in the 1920
Social progression as a consequence of war e.g. changing attitudes to women post WW1 and to ethnic minorities post WW2
The battering of social standards and public welfare endured by the British population during WW2 led to the creation of the English welfare state- Labour government under Clement Atlee from 1945
Breakdown in the rigidity of class structure: the rich were supposedly subjected to the same rationing etc. as the poorest in society
Change in global diplomacy; establishment of organisations such as the League of Nations, UN, and NATO in order to prevent future conflict.
Arguably the Treaty of Versailles serves as evidence that the peacekeeping camp which follows the World War 1 was generally highly unsuccessful. The leading example of the Treaty not achieving its goals the outbreak of the WW12 just 2 decades after the famous Peace Treaty was signed.
- film and literature genres relating to warfare because hugely popular in the aftermath of both world wars
Genres: Post WW1 anti-war poetry (e.g. Owen and Sassoon) fueled huge anti-government sentiment and distrust of the political class in Britain. In Germany politicans were also blamed for both the horrors endured in the war and the subsequent loss at the end of it.
The post World War Two lieutenant's prose grew to become hugely popular new genre of literature in the Soviet Union spreading its influence far across the boarders and beyond the iron curtain. The Socio-cultural impact of the newly created autobiographical prose was so substantial that the totalitarian government was forced to let it pass beyond the strict laws of existing censorship .
DYNAMIC BETWEEN WINNERS AND LOSERS: in both world wars an effort was made by the victors to see a significant weakening of the economic and military power of their former enemy.