Crime & Deviance - Globalisation - Globalised Crime Examples &…
Crime & Deviance - Globalisation - Globalised Crime Examples & Effects
How has Globalisation effected Crime?
Globalisation opens up opportunities for
new types of crime
and ways of committing it
E.g. prostitution, drug trade, illegal weapon trade etc.
Supply in Demand:
Demand for drugs, sex workers, body parts and cheap labour in affluent countries has increased and is
This leads to
emigration to developed
winners and losers
in the global marketplaces
new patterns of inequalities
With the spread of consumerist ideology in a
media centred society
Media saturated contemporary societies expose people to
ideology of consumerism.
Individuals in late modernity are left to
find their own solutions
Rewards in society increasingly seen in terms of
material and financial gains
Individuals put gain above that of community. This
leads to crimes
Global Risk Society:
Globalisation adds to the
insecurity and uncertainty
of life in modernity.
People become more
(Lash & Urry)
Lash & Urry:
Globalisation has been accompanied by less regulation and few state controls over business and finance.
Deregulation, magnetisation and privatisation.
Less social cohesion and opportunity, more insecurity
argues this has less to fewer job opportunities and more job insecurity; an increase of
in the developed world and an increase of
exploitation of workers
in the developing.
The Nature and Extent of Global Crime
The international illegal drug trade:
2007 drug report suggested this trade was worth
each year. This was higher than the
Gross Domestic Product
of the countries in the world.
The Home Office estimates that
of acquisitive crime is
Cyber-crime refers to a wide range of criminal acts committed with the help of
communication and informational technology
Cyber crime is one of the
fastest growing crimes
in the world.
estimates financial cyber-crimes cost the UK
£27 billion each year
Examples of Cyber-crimes include:
Terrorist webstes and netwokring
Cyber-attacks, such as hacking
Human trafficking is the
smuggling of people
The National Crime Agency
estimated as many as 13,000 people in Britain who were victims of slavery.
There is also a
global criminal network
dealing with the trade in
, smuggling people into countries they are unable to enter legally.
Money laundering is concerned with making
money obtained illegally
look like it came from
'matrix of global crime'
as criminals who deal with large amounts of money need to launder their money to avoid their criminal activities from coming to the attention of law-enforcement.
increase of technology
has made it
easier to launder 'dirty money'
complex financial transactions
Transnational Organised Crime
argues that globalisation has created transnational networks of organised crime, which opperate in many countries.
suggests there are two main types of global criminal networks:
these have existed
occurred - e.g. the Italian-American mafia - these have
adapted their organisations
to take advantage of the various
opened up by
Newer Organised Crime Groups:
these have emerged
since the creation of globalisation
collapse of the communist regimes
of Russia and Eastern Europe. - e.g. the Russian, East European and Albanian criminal groups.
uses the term
to describe the way transnational organised crime
the activities of legal transnational corporations, such as
. They both are operating as
purely self-interested economic organisations
From Global to Local - Glocalism:
Hobbs and Dunnighan
global criminal networks
need to work with
to function. For example, the drugs trade and human trafficking require local drug dealers and pimps, and these
local criminals require the global networks
to get their 'products'.
created the term
to describe this inter-connectivity between local and global transnational crimes.