THE CONSTRUCTION OF MASCULINITY AND THE GOSPEL OF MATTHEW (Masculinity…
THE CONSTRUCTION OF MASCULINITY AND THE GOSPEL OF MATTHEW
What were ideas about the ideal man?
What is Matthew’s view of masculinity?
Jesus as the “ideal man”?
Ideas of Masculinity in the Greco-Roman World?
Masculinity and the Greco-Roman World
most texts written represent the views of men, and ainly reflect the wealthy upper classes
Masculinity as something invisible
"masculinity" not studied - it is just the norm
Key features of Masculinity
hierarchical society - men at the top
men hold the most influential positions
dominate education and military training
heads of the households
Autonomy and independence
differed from lower classes and slaves
Educated in rhetoric and philosophy - taught to be articulate
Ties to other families
former slaves expected to remain loyal to former master and follow his wishes
Demonstration of self-control
not ruled by their passions
Courage and bravery
Ideals seen in the work of Homer
Ocassions when men ARE seen to weep - there IS a place for emotion in the texts
, Virgil: "tears of things"
can be translated in two different ways:
the tears of the world/universe at human pain
tears as part of the nature of things and the human condition
Masculinity and the Gospel of Matthew
The Gospel addresses a Jewish-Christian community
reflects that majority existed in a near subsistence level - it addresses the poor, not just the upper classes
unlike many classical texts
However, writing still influenced by Hellenistic society
to what extent can we apply sources from the Greco-Roman world to the study of the Gospel of Matt?
Can classical texts be applied to the Gospels?
How can the texts be applied? Is there a different correlation between Matthew and the Greco-Roman texts?
Masculinity and Jesus
How does Matthew present the masculinity of Jesus?
Jesus as example to men AND women?
everyone and everything evaluated through the eyes of Jesus
Genealogy of Jesus
men were defined by their families
Jesus linked to David and Abraham
Genealogy also highlights 4 women
Why does Matthew refer to women?
perhaps to show Jesus as welcoming to outsiders
BUT - the women are gentiles, not matriarchs
Are the women disreputable?
Do they form a link to Mary mother of Jesus?
The Ascetic Jesus
different to the ideals expected in both the Jewish tradition and the Greco-Roman world - he had no wife or children
Jesus leading a prophetic life - dedicated to the proclamation of God
Jesus the Teacher
conforms to the picture of a rabbi
the "new Moses"