Occupational health and safety ( Health The ability of OHS…
Occupational health and safety
History of OHS:
The history of OHS started in the 19040 and 1950s in London to establish a good relationship between work performance and employees health or welfare. Industrial machines were seriously dangerous in the nineteenth century and workers had genuine reason to fear the machines they used on a daily basis. In 1968, 14,000 American workers were killed at home, in occupational health and safety incidents. Another 2.5 million workers suffered disabling injuries. Therefore Safety issues in the workplace
The ability of OHS professionals to provide advice and guidance for the protection of workers from workplace exposures and hazardous systems of work. The health and safety of other persons is not put at risk from work carried out as part of the behaviour of the association
a physical and psychosocial work environment without risks to health and safety
making decisions about ways to eliminate or minimise risks
identifying and assessing the risks to health and safety in the workplace
overworking is an aspect that really doesn't get that much of importance as it is very harmful to the health
fatigue also leads to accidents/human error
Organisations and Society.
OHS can be affected by how we communicate with one another, treat one another in groups, and influence each other’s behaviours and attitudes.
How humans interact with one another socially are important aspects for (OHS) practice because all work tasks involve some kind of human element, whether in completing the tasks, being part of a workgroup or planning how to perform work.
Business owners are responsible for health and safety in the workplace.
Through the concept of safety we now have better knowledge and understanding of what to do in the workplace, and to ensure people are safe in what they do and the tasks they do and our role in it.
The fundamental thesis of behaviour change programs is that the main cause of accidents is worker error.
Workplace injury and disease destroys quality of life, social and family activities, affects job prospects and career advancement
Regardless of the nature of their work, workers will always be exposed to hazards.
approximately 7000 deaths each year are related to work-related diseases.
safe systems of work
better work environment
Humans: The failure of planned actions to attain the desired goal is a human error.
The ways in which humans act, respond, and interact within their environment is fundamental to improving workplace safety.
Care of self and others
usually occurs in jobs, and organisational levels, and when poorly managed environment can increase the likelihood of an error occurring in the workplace.