"The Early Industrial Revolution" (Impact of the Industrial…
"The Early Industrial Revolution"
Why did the Industrial Revolution start in Great Britain?
Britain had access to many natural resources, like iron and coal.
The booming population thanks to agricultural revolution gave Britain a labor force.
The Enlightenment had given people new ideas about the role of science and innovation in society.
Britain enjoyed a rising standard of living during the eighteenth century, thanks to good harvests, a growing population, and a booming overseas trade.
Causes of the Industrial Revolution
More dependable food supplies and better job opportunities led people to marry at earlier ages and have more children. This increase in youth led to an increase in the amount of child labor able to be exploited.
The Agricultural Revolution
New farming techniques and increased breeding led to food production, which led to population growth and more health.
An increase in trade + tech
Specialization and increasing production led to a demand for more convenience in transportation and production methods
Impact of the Industrial Revolution
Working conditions declined and workers enjoyed less humanity and benefits than they had before industrialization
The mass migration of people from rural areas to more populated, urban areas
New political ideas
believed that social and economic problems could be solved by the application of the scientific method; recommended that the poor be guided by scientists and artists, and form working communities under protection of benevolent leaders.
a policy based on the idea that government should play as small a role as possible in the economy; advocates free market capitalism
socialists who hoped to create humane alternatives to industrial capitalism by building self-sustaining communities whose inhabitants would work cooperatively
New transportation methods
Major deforestation and a lack of natural, untouched environment
Influence on imperalism
Gave the Western world a quicker, more efficient way to mass produce advanced weapons; essentially militarized the West
Provided methods of transportation for expansion
Increased the demand for raw materials to expand industry