History Paper 1: Who Won The Cuban Missile Crisis? Pt 2 (Frequences of the…
History Paper 1: Who Won The Cuban Missile Crisis? Pt 2
JFK met with his advisers for 13 days and nights from 16th October 1962
22nd October - JFK decided to place a blockade around Cuba to stop the Soviet fleet landing its missiles. JFK broadcast the news of his planned blockade on US television and called of Khrushchev to remove his missiles from Cuba
23 October - Khrushchev replied that there were no missiles on Cuba and that the Soviet Union would ignore the blockade
The world held its breath! Soviet ships were sailing towards the blockade. If they ignored it, they would be fired on and war would be certain to follow.
26th October - Khrushchev sent JFK a letter. If America lifted the blocked and promised not to invade Cuba, the nuclear weapons on Cuba would be removed
25th October - Despite the ships turning around, aerial photographs show missile bases in Cuba are progressing rapidly
24th October - a group of Soviet ships reached the American blockade. One oil tanker was allowed through, the other ships turned back.
27th October - Krushchev sent JFK a second letter. The Soviet Union would remove the Cuban missiles if the USA removed its missiles in Turkey. But, then on the same day a U-2 spy plane was shot down over Cuba.
28th October - Khrushchev sent a message saying that the missiles on Cuba would be dismantled
Consequences of the Bay of Pigs Invasion
September 1961, Khrushchev publicly announced he would provide arms to Cuba
Within months Castro had an army with the latest military equipment and a large number of 'technicians' to help train his troops
Needed more support from the Soviet Union to defend Cuba against possible American attacks
In September 1962 JFK warned the Soviet Union that he would not allow Cuba to become a base for Soviet nuclear missiles
Khrushchev assured JFK he had no intensions of making it a base for Soviet nuclear missiles
Concerned that nuclear weapons might be put on Cuba
Frequences of the Crisis
In reality, some leading Soviet politicians were angry that their country had been forced to back down.
Steps were taken to reduce the threat of nuclear war including a direct 'hot-line' phone link being set up between Washington and the Kremlin
Khrushchev claimed that the crisis was a victory for the Soviet Union and that the independence of Communist Cuba had been guaranteed
JFK emerged from the crisis as the victor, especially as the deal on the missiles in Turkey was kept secret.