knowledge, which is both disciplinary, represented by traditional subject areas (language, maths, science, social studies, arts, PSPE) and transdisciplinary
concepts, which students explore through structured inquiry in order to develop coherent, in-depth understanding, and which have relevance both within and beyond subject areas
skills, which are the broad capabilities students develop and apply during learning and in life beyond the classroom
attitudes, which contribute to international-mindedness and the wellbeing of individuals and learning communities, and connect directly to the IB learner profile
action, which is an expectation in the PYP that successful inquiry leads to responsible, thoughtful and appropriate action.