China and Japan in an age of development 1919-45 (Disintergration of China…
China and Japan in an age of development 1919-45
Disintergration of China
Led by Hong Xiuquan
Only put down by the government with the assistance of worlords, Britain and France
Anti-western movement from Chinese nationalists, involved beating up foreigners or destroying anything foreign.
An eight nations alliance move into Beijing to put down the rebellion.
£67million compensation paid by China over a period of 39 years.
British troops to China as China banned opium trade with them.
Unequal treaties signed giving Hong Kong and granted trading rights to Britain
Led to other countries entering China
The end of the Manchu Dynasty
Death of Empress Cixi in
, throne given to 3 year old Emperor Pu Yi.
Change China from monarchy to a Republican
Made a civil war seem likely, until the abdication of Puyi.
erosion of Chinese tradition
Westernisation start to begin
Social reforms in order to industrialise
Rise and fall of Yuan Shikai
Win the presidency election with Sun Yatsen after the Manchu Dynasty collapse
Rule China as a Military dictator
Mistakes made in 1915 trying to make him an Emperor which he failed and loss power.
Died in 1916
Japan Influence over China and the Warlord era
21 Demands, 1915
China separated into about one hundred small states, warlords fighting over land
The May the Fourth Movement, 1919
Protest of 5,000 students on the street of Beijing against the Treaty of Versailes and the power of warlords
GMD and its aims
the Three Principles
the Northern Expedition
Attitude to Japan action in Manchuria
Action of CCP
the Long March
Mao Zedong gained power through
elimination process of the members in the party
popularity among the peasants
Mao Zedong came to power