Hitler and the Nazis 1923-1928 (What did the Nazis stand for in the Golden…
Hitler and the Nazis 1923-1928
8th and 9th November, 1923. Munich Putsch
Hitler, with Luddendorf and 60 SA, broke up a political meeting in a Beer Hall.
They held Kahr at gunpoint and forced him to say he would march with them
Hitler could have been tried for treason and executed. Instead he served 9 months, having been sentenced for 5 years.
The Nazis gained seats at the following election in 1924
The trial turned into a speech for Hitler, where he conveyed his views in front of journalists
Mein Kampf was written, and Hitler changed strategies to become more democratic
Hitler was sentence to 5 months in prison. The party was banned from meeting and making speeches during this time.
The party looked disorganised and reckless.
The SA proved to be incompetent. They forgot to cut the phone lines, their rifles had no firing pins, and although there were over 3000 of the SA, they were beaten by 100 police, who killed 16 of the SA.
Hitler had a getaway car waiting for him, and dislocated his shoulder by falling over a pavement. He lacked confidence in his plan.
Luddendorf was not a strong leader - he pleaded guilty and later quit the party. He also let Kahr go to see his wife, meaning he could ring Stresemann.
What did the Nazis stand for in the Golden Years?
Abolishing the Treaty of Versailles
Paying for the education of gifted children
Removing Jews from all positions of power
Owning all newspapers and removing any foreign newspaper editors
Increasing the old age pension
Build a strong government
Challenge terror and violence with terror and violence
How did the Nazis try to gain more popularity?
They waged "propaganda war" - Hitler put Josef Goebbles in charge of propaganda - he made films, posters used the SA as poster boys
The Nazis formed an alliance with the German Nationalist Party. This showed that the Nazis meant business, and were becoming a proper political party, and strengthened their support. The GNP was also heavily involved in film and newspapers, and this gave the Nazis another propaganda outlet.
Hitler contacted and met with big businesses and factory owners, promising to disband trade unions. This meant he could get support and gain money for his campaign, but he was unpopular with the workers
The Nazis introduced public speaking workshops in most areas and guests and visitors from the party often made an appearance. This made people feel as if the Nazis were a peoples party.
The Nazis merged with a lot of small right wing parties, and this meant Hitler had a lot more local wings, and was the leader of right wing politics
The Hitler youth encouraged youth to join the party. This set up for the future, and meant the young be doctrined into Hitlers way of thinking
Hitler targeted the farmers as they were struggling under Weimar. This meant they gained support in rural areas
Why were the Nazis in the 'political wilderness' in the Golden Years?
The Nazis were considered to be reckless and hardly organised, and were not seen as a legitimate democratic party after the fiasco of the Munich Putsch
Whilst Germany was in it's 'golden years', people saw no need for an extreme party who were threatening to abolish the Treaty of Versailles and destroy Weimar
Stresemann had various successes in foreign policy, including the Locarno Treaty in 1925, and the League of Nations 1926
Germany had started to recover from the hyperinflation, and due to the Dawes Plan, the reparations could be paid
The Nazi's attempted to appeal to big businesses and factory owners, but this was fruitless, as the exports were booming, and this also made the trade unions frown upon the Nazis
The Nazis tried to appeal to the workers as there were masses. However the workers stayed loyal to the SDP or Communists and the middle class were put off the Nazis