The Digestive System (Mouth (Mechanical Digestion:The process of manually…
The Digestive System
Mechanical Digestion:The process of manually chewing food.
Saliva: Liquid-like substance in the mouth.
Swallowing: Gulping down the food.
Pharynx: The throat, part of both the Digestive and Respiratory system.
Oesaphagus: Muscular tube used for 'carrying' food to the stomach.
Peristalsis: The process in which the Oesaphagus pushes food down by contracting and relaxing.
Stomach: Muscular organ which continues the digestion.
Stomach Acids: They kill many harmful micro-organisms, swallowed along with food.
Liver: Produces Bile.
Bile: A substance which neutralizes acids and emulsifies fats.
Gallbladder: Stores bile before sending it to the duodenum.(small intestine)
Pancreas: Produces digestive enzymes and sends them to the duodenum.
Small Intestine - Duodenum: Where food is combined with bile and digestive enzymes.
Small Intestine - Ileum: Where the villi absorbs the nutrients into the blood and lymph.
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Amylase: An enzyme which breaks down food in the mouth.
Premolars + Molars: Teeth which chew food.