Ch.21 Lesson 3
Ch.21 Lesson 3
Alcohol and Driving
Driving While Intoxicated
Driving While intoxicated (DWI) or Driving under the influence (DUI) is illegal. For adults to be charged with a DUI, they must have a BAC over 0.08. Anyone younger than 21 with any trace of alcohol in their system can be charged.
Consequences of DUI/DWI are injuries or death to other drivers, and passengers, arrest, jail time, a fine or bail, a police record, and possible lawsuits. Restricted driving privileges, higher insurance rates or canceled insurance policy.
1/5 of all teen drivers in fatal car accidents had a blood alcohol concentration of 0.01
Any amount of alcohol in the blood can cause Slow reflexes, Reduced ability to judge distance and speed, an increase in risk-taking behaviors, Reduced concentration, and increased forgetfulness.
Blood Alcohol Concentration (B.A.C) is the amount of alcohol in a person's blood, expressed as a percentage. Your BAC depends on how much alcohol you have consumed, what type of alcohol was it, how fast did you consume it, and what your body size and gender is.
Drunk Driving Statistics
Alcohol and Pregnancy
Any time pregnant female drinks, the alcohol passes through her bloodstream and goes directly into the fetus. This can cause FAS (fetal alcohol Syndrome)
Effects of FAS include body deformities, organ defects, Vision and hearing problems, Central nervous system problems, problems learning and short attention span. Hyperactivity and other problems as well.
FAS is the leading preventable cause of mental retardation
Anyone who is addicted to alcohol is an alcoholic. They are both physically, and psychologically dependent on alcohol.
Three Stages pf Alcoholism
Stage 2-Dependence-The person can't stop drinking and is now physically dependent on alcohol. any performance for anything begins to suffer and the person tries to hide their problem
Stage 3-Addiction-The final stage is when the person is now addicted to alcohol, the person wouldn't need as much alcohol to become drunk and if the person tried to stop they would experience severe withdrawal symptoms
Stage 1-Abuse -Alcoholism begins with social drinking , but then a person starts to develop an addiction to alcohol
The United States has an estimated 17 million alcoholics, and 40 percent of violent crimes are alcohol related
Treatment for alcohol abuse
First, the alcoholic has to admit that there is a problem. Then they have to go through Detoxification, and also go through counseling
Organizations that help people addicted to alcohol. AL-Anon, Alcoholics Anonymous, National Drug and Alcohol Treatment Referal Routing Service