The Health Risks of Alcohol Use. (Long Term effects (Damage to brain cells…
The Health Risks of Alcohol Use.
Factors that influence Alcohol's effects: Body size- A smaller person feels the effect of the same amount of alcohol faster than a larger person does.
Gender- Alcohol generally moves into the bloodstream faster in females than in males, because females tend to have smaller bodies than males.
Food- Food in the stomach slows down the passage od alcohol into the bloodstream.
Rate of intake- If a person drinks alcohol faster than the liver can break it down, the person becomes intoxicated.
Amount- As the amount of alcohol consumed increases the level of alcohol in the blood stream rises.
Medicine- Alcohol can interfere with the effects of medicines, and medicines can heighten the effects of alcohol.
Ethanol: thee type of alcohol in alcoholic beverages- it is a powerful and addictive drug. Its a drug that can have serious consequences for teens who use alcohol. Using alcohol during your teen years can affect brain development.
Alcohol is a depressant, a drug that slows the central nervous system. Using alcohol slows reaction time, impairs vision, and diminishes judgment. Alcohol stays in a persons system until the liver can metabolize it, or break it down.
Changes in the brain
: Development- pathways and connections necessary for learning may be damaged.
Memory- Thought processes are disorganized, and memory and concentration are dulled.
Judgment control- Judgment is altered and coordination is impaired. Movement, speech, and vision may be affected.
Risk of stroke- Alcohol use may increase risk of stroke in young people.
: Heart- small amounts of alcohol can increase the hears rate and blood pressure. High levels of alcohol have the opposite effect, decreasing heart rate and blood pressure. Heart rhythm irregular. Body temperature drops.
Alcohol ads show images of happy, healthy looking young adults to promote and sell a drug that is addictive, physically damaging, and often an entry into other drug use.
Binge drinking: drinking five or more alcoholic drinks at one sitting.
Alcohol poising: a server and potentially fatal physical reaction to an alcohol overdose.
Long Term effects
Damage to brain cells and reduction to brain size.
Increase in blood pressure, which can lead to to a heart attack or stroke.
Buildup of fat cells in the liver, which can lead to cell death.
Damage to the digestive lining of the stomach causing ulcers and cancer of the stomach.
Destructive of the pancreas.
Effects from drinking
Effects of Alcohol Poisoning
Mental confusion and stupor.
Coma and an inability to be roused.
Vomiting and seizures.
Slow respiration- ten seconds between breaths or fewer than eight breaths per minute.
Irregular heart rate.
Hypothermia or low body temperature- pale or bluish skin color.
Risks from drinking