HOW THE BRAIN WORKS - AND HOW STUDENTS CAN RESPOND ( (THE LIMBIC SYSTEM :…
HOW THE BRAIN WORKS - AND HOW STUDENTS CAN RESPOND
THE PREFONTAL CONTEX
CALL THINKING BRAIN
CONSCIOUSLY PROSESS AND REFLECT ON INFORMATION
THE LOWER AUTOMATIC BRAIN
CALL REACTIVE BRAIN
REACTS TO INFORMATION INSTINCTIVELY RATHER THAN THROUGH THINKIN
know as neurotransmitters
Messages connected to new information travel from neuron to neuron as tiny electrical currents
Chemical neurotransmitters like dopamine carry electrical messages across the gap from one neuron to another. This transmission is crucial to brain’s capacity to process new information.
brain releases extra dopamine when an experience is enjoyable
RETICULAR ACTIVATING SYSTEM (RAS) - THE GATEKEEPER
first filter that data passes through when entering your brain
Located at the lower back of your brain (your brain stem)
Receives input from sensory nerves from nerve endings in your eyes, ears, mouth, face, skin, muscles, and internal organs and meet at the top of your spinal cord
sensory messages must pass through the RAS to gain entry to your higher, thinking brain.
THE LIMBIC SYSTEM : YOUR EMOTIONAL CORE
experience negative emotions like fear, anxiety, or even boredom, amygdala’s filter takes up excessive amounts of brain’s available nutrients and oxygen. This puts brain into survival mode, which blocks entry of any new information into prefrontal cortex.
Like central train-routing station it’s a system for routing information based on emotional state.
If stress - closes off the pathways through the RAS and amygdala that direct information into your thinking brain and memory center
if becomes calm and focused, the amygdala will reset and decide to send new information to the prefrontal cortex that makes you feel good.
links new sensory input to both memories of past and knowledge already stored in long-term memory to make new relational memories
At this part new memories areready for processing in prefrontal cortex
process new information through called executive functions, including judgment, analysis, organizing, problem-solving, planning, and creativity.
intake centers of brain
new information becomes the memory and stored in the sensory cortex areas located in brain lobes that are each specialized to analyze data from one of your five senses.
data first pass through brain’s emotional core, the limbic system, where your amygdala and hippocampus evaluate whether this information is useful because it will help physically survive or bring pleasure