BBC EMPIRE EPISODE 5 - DOING GOOD (The English empire (The role of the…
BBC EMPIRE EPISODE 5 - DOING GOOD
The English empire
Its place in the world (second half of the 19th century)
The British empire ruled lands from Canada is the west to Australia in the east .
Its last phase of expansion was about to start.
Many of Britain's empire builders (generals, explorers, commanders) believed their work was ordained by god.
The role of the British empire
Most people believed that it was mostly doing good
They would do by force if necessary.
An example of this is the British empire's rule in India. Over there, it is a tradition or ritual that when a woman becomes a widow, she has to be burnt alive. When the Empire discovered this, they quickly showed that this "ritual" is illegal in many developed countries and that they would not tolerate it.
some believe they had a duty to bring light into the world
Many people believed that they had the right to rule the world
They changed the nature of the modern world and they changed Britain's place in it.
At the time Africa was considered a "dark" continent, a place full of ignorance and superstition. :
The British empire changed that and first went to Malawi
Their leader was a very famous explorer called David Livingston.He was Scottish.
The main reason why he and his men went to Africa was to do good. They wanted to christianise the african population. Shockingly, Livingston and his men discovered that slavery was not yet abolished.
Nevertheless, Livingston wanted to transform Africa in a place where two victorian obsessions would be present:
There in Africa there would be exportations of cotton, wheat and all kinds of resources . On the other hand, Africa would revive metals and machinery straight from Britain.
As nice as Africa was becoming, it also had its downsides. One of the main ones was disease. One by one, Livingstone's men would starve to death or be killed by unknown diseases.
Livingstone himself died in Africa. Some said he had shrunk two times his size and that he had become bright yellow.
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The work began in Scotland about education has now become a local african activity.
The primary school was first founded in 1935 in the city of Nkolokoty, Malawi that was then colonelized by Britain. The school now has more than 8000 people inside it.
Missionary find some excuses to come and colonolize the city but without the missionary the school wouldn’t exist. What the missionaries did also traders did. Missioners brought in Africa Tobacco, coffee and cotton.
Africa was influenced by Christianity. There was an Head courter of the African lake company, trade to do cotton. Livingstone 1893 went in Africa to make money so he ruined the cotton company.
This slavery went on until the hero of Malawi John Chilembwe, he thought that all humanity was equal, and he was true and so in the 1915 he said to african people to rebel from Livingstone and to fight for their nation and for freedom. So a war begun and it was between Black christians and white settlers. The natives came to Livingstone and cut of Livingstone head.
The revenge of Britain was Massacre for all Africa. Then also Chilenmbwe died. In 1863 the members of the astrological society of London gathered to here what was a built has a scientific lecture.