Life in Eastern Europe and Western Russia (People and Cultures …
Life in Eastern Europe and Western Russia
People and Places
USSR collapsed in Russia causing enormous challenges
The economy that was controlled by the communist government had been in decline for years
Changes in private ownership of industry are not improving living conditions. They have only improved for the wealthy individuals
The country was not prepared to be a producer of consumer products. Slower production of prices because of inflation
Social and Political Changes
The government kept tight control of its ethnic groups, which it had a lot of. Some ethnic groups wanted to form their own countries. One of these groups was the Chechens, they live in Chechnya near the Caspian Sea and Caucasus Mountains in southern Russia.
The region has a lot of oil reserves, and the oil pipe lines transport fuel to major Russian city
Russians fought Chechens to keep Chechnya part of Russia because they wanted the oil. The president, Boris Yeltsin was blamed for not being able to solve the problems. Yeltsin resigned and was replaced by a man named Vladimir Putin at the end of 1999. Putin was elected in 2000 and then reelected in 2004
In 2008 Dmitry Medvedev was elected president and Putin became prime minister, in 2012, Putin ran for president a third time, and won. New restriction laws were made strengthening penalties against demonstrators, blocking some internet sites, and restricting free speech
Where People Live
The two largest cities are Moscow and St. Petersburg in Western Russia. Moscow is the capital of Russia and is the scientific, educational and cultural capital. It has been the home of the Orthodox Church for more than 600 years. Peter the great founded St. Petersburg in 1703
The largest population centers, each city is a center of national culture. Kiev, Ukraine; Minsk, Belarus; Budapest, Hungary; Warsaw, Poland; and Prague in the Czech Republic in Eastern Europe
Most Europeans used to live in rural areas but now people live in urban areas.The urban population for most countries is over 50 percent.
People began moving from Eastern Europe to Western Europe to North America. Eastern Europeans have moved to seek better economic opportunities and to escape political oppression.
A rich mix of cultures and people has been made by the history of Eastern Europe and Western Russia. People take pride in their religious traditions and folk, most of which were frowned upon by Soviet authorities.
People and Cultures
Ethnic Language Groups
Slavic people (slav)
develope new cultures and lauguages
found in Ukraine, Belarus.............(west slavs) Poland, Czech Republic, Slovakia, eastern Germany.
(south slavs) Bulgaria~most divers
last surviving language
strongly discouraged religions
Many people have no religion at all
Places like Czech Republic, and Lavians belongs to barely any churches
In Eastern Europe Soviet have a religous faith
Some Eastern countries have an Orthodox church
churches exist within the orthodox church
Each country has its own ethnic group
Belarus, Bulgaria, Moldova, Montenegro, Romania, Serbia, Ukraine~ orthodox
Croatia, Hungary, Lithuania, Poland, Slovakia, Slovenia~ Roman catholic
Some Muslims, Jews, and Protestants
Art is made sometimes to show the nations' character
Huge impact in art in Eastern Europe
After Czechoslovakia became independent literary work was written in Czech
Produces important novels, music, plays, short stories
Karel Capek is a famous play writer
film makers follow in traditions of the nations
Traditional music in Hungary and Romania
1800's, 1900's in Russia, Russians created very important cultures
Life started in the 1900's with a communist government
In Russian government and in governments through out Eastern Europe, the collapse of the USSR brought about devolution.
When a strong central government surrenders its powers to more local authorities, devolution occurs.
Most of these countries have strong cultural and religious traditions, that were never really lost.
Earning a Living
Throughout the region the landforms, soil, the mineral resources, the climate, the economies, and the national traditions are different.
Nearly half the working population in Albania, and many people in Romania, Serbia, Bosnia, and Herzegovina are employed in agriculture.
One of the world's leading suppliers of oil and natural gas is Russia
A major supplier of iron ore and other metals is also Russia
In Russia's forestry industry work about 1 million people.
Most people from Russia and Eastern Europe work in the service industries.
After the collapse of the Soviet Union, many of the industries in Eastern Europe fell on hard times.
Leading to high unemployment, especially in the Balkans, many industries suffered big losses.
The following countries have joined the EU: the Czech Republic, Hungary, Bulgaria, Poland, Latvia, Lithuania, Slovakia, Slovenia and Romania, since 2008.
Agreements on the borders of the countries are continuously discussed between Russia and countries that were formerly part of the Soviet republic.
Estonia, Latvia, Ukraine, Lithuania and Kazakhstan are the countries involved.
Occasional outbreaks of violence still occur in that republic, even though fighting died down in Chechnya.
Eastern Europe was hit hard by the 2008 financial crisis.
All members of the EU have suffered as a result of the financial crisis, although joining the EU should have been a great benefit to the economies of its new members.
European and Asian developments have affected Russia.
For centuries, Russians lived under Mongol rulers.
Russians later were next door to one of the most powerful Islamic empires to exist, Ottoman Turks.
Influenced by developments in Europe, Russia in turn, made contributions to European culture.
European and Asian influences have always been a mix to Russian culture.
Russia plays a key role in the relationship between Europe and Asia, geographically and culturally.
During difficult economic times, Eastern Europe and Western Russia are trying to modernize their industries and governments.
Content Vocabulary/Academic Vocabulary
Inflation- is the rise in prices for goods
Devolution- occurs when a strong central government surrenders its powers to more local authorities.
Oligarchs- a small group of people who control the government and use it to further their own goals.