Means and teaching materials. Conceptual foundations (From the rock…
Means and teaching materials.
From the rock engraving to the computer. Brief tour of information and communication technologies and media Communication in education
The first footprints: icons on stones
The first great milestone linked to the need for expression of thought of the human being were the engravings made on the walls of caves
in Large stones or in bones of animals by the first populations of homo Sapiens more than 20,000 years ago
Printed texts and schooling
To achieve such pedagogical goals, it was essential to develop a
Instrumental ability of the first order: knowing how to read and write, that is, to know and to master the codes of textual language.
The invention at the end of the fifteenth century of the printing press together with the democratizing zeal of encyclopedists promoted a model of schooling based on learning through school texts.
Media, cognition and learning
The reasons for the relevance of this attribute and the role that symbolic systems play in learning students.
The technological attributes
Frames and social situations
Concept and types of teaching aids
"(Teaching medium) is any technological resource that articulates in a Certain system of symbols certain messages for instructive purposes "
A classification of media types and teaching materials
Material of the environment (minerals, animals, plants, etc.)
Research and work material (microscope, scales, cuvettes,
Symbolic manipulative means
Logic blocks, slates, geometric figures and other logos,
Games and toys.
Teacher-oriented material: Teacher's guides or didactics, curriculum guides, other curricular support materials
Material oriented to the student :: Textbooks, Literacy material Other textual materials
Still Image Media :. Transparencies overhead projector; Slide projector: episcopio; the blackboard; The poster, comic
Motion picture media: the movie projector2; TV; video
cassette; The turntable; Radio
Videoconferencing, CD-ROM, reality
Virtual, and various Internet services: WWW, email, chats, etc.
By way of synthesis: To teach and to learn with means and
This reductionist view of the media as
Mere information-carrying artifacts has been linked to theories Behaviorists in which the media were conceived as stimuli Physical (printed, audiovisual, computer) for learning.
Is that the curriculum resources and materials are
Information and communication technologies that at the service of a program or Curricular project represent, under various forms and symbolic systems, the Knowledge and culture that students are supposed to acquire