ARTICLES (Indefinite article a and an (2. We also use it to show the…
definite article: the
We use the definite article in front of a noun when we believe the hearer/reader knows exactly what we are referring to.
• because we have already mentioned it:
*A woman who fell 10 metres from High Peak was lifted to safety by a helicopter. The woman fell while climbing.
The rescue is the latest in a series of incidents on High Peak.
We live in a small village next to the church. = (the church in our village)
- because there is only one in that place or in those surroundings:
Dad, can I borrow the car? = (the car that belongs to our family)
Look at the boy in the blue shirt over there. = (the boy I am pointing at)
because there is only one:
The Pope is visiting Russia.
The moon is very bright tonight.
This is why we use the definite article with a superlative adjective:
He is the tallest boy in the class.
It is the oldest building in the town.