Chapter 13 Section 2 (Southern Society and Culture (in 1800s only 1/3 of…
Chapter 13 Section 2
Southern Society and Culture
in 1800s only 1/3 of white people in the south owned slaves and lived on plantations
South was made up of many different types of people
Were the wealthiest and the most common people in living in the South
Slaves worked both inside and outside of the home, some took cooked and some harvested cotton
Often times children's lives were set out before them when they lived on a plantation
Yeomen and Poor Whites
: owners of small farms
They did not have much land and often times did not own slaves, but they took pride in what they did.
typically everyone in the family worked on the farm, and they often worked along side their slaves if they had any
Those who did not farm made a living of hunting, fishing, and doing a variety of different tasks
Religion and Society
Families only saw their neighbors at church and women often volunteered for roles in church.
White people argued that God had created people to rule others-white people ruled slaves.
Others opposed that God was against slavery.
Cities along the South and Atlantic Coast were shipping centers for trade.
Governments provided public water systems and maintained streets.
Wealthy residents gave money to charities like orphanages or libraries.
Slaves worked on plantations and domestic servants in mills and shipyards.
Free African Americans and Discrimination
Some slaves were descendants of slaves freed from the American Revolution others were slaves that escaped.
Free African Americans lived in rural and urban areas and worked a variety of jobs.
They faced discrimination from white southerners and laws were passed limiting rights of free African Americans.
White settlers thought that African Americans couldn't take care of themselves and they thought that African Americans threatened the institution of slavery.