Organising and Organisations (Organisational Structure (Types (Functional…
Organising and Organisations
Organisations are social entities, purposefully constructed to achieve organisational objectives that are performance managed
It is the use of the divison of labour and authority to get work done
one of Henri Fayol’s 5 key functions of management, the other 4 being planning, staffing, leading and controlling
The purpose of organising is to coordinate the work activities and social interactions of employees.
to co-ordinate the activities of resources.
Max Weber bureaucratic model
6 elements: Division of Labour; Hierarchy; Selection; Career Orientation; Formalisation and Impersonality.
Functional divides work by specialisation/ function
Products structures the organisation around the types of products
A matrix based structure has employees based in a functional department and another e.g. a project team for a specific objective
Network organisations are flatter with a decentralised flexible approach - ICT
Boundary-less structures. No hierarchy
is the shape and size
Division of Labour/ Job Specialisation
Spans of Control
Narrow or Wide
Flat or Tall
functional, product, geographical and mixed.
hierarchical bureaucratic structure
division of labour, a narrow span of control, a tall hierarchy and functional departmentalisation.
models which are seen to be too rigid for a complex and changing business environment