Napoleons Effect on the Haitians Then Napoleon Bonaparte came to power in 1799. He changed the laws and made so that they did not apply to colonies over the seas. He then re-instated slavery, which ignited the second phase of the Haitian revolution. Leclerc (Napoleons brother in law) tried to take away the weapons of the former slaves, which started a guerrilla war from the slaves. Despite Frances superior training, they were losing badly. The Haitians also had the best weapon of all, dies ease (The Yellow Fever), which killed thousands of French, including Leclerc himself. So Napoleon just gave up and cut his losses.
One end and a new beginning He then sold Thomas Jefferson Louisiana. This was known as the "Louisiana Purchase". And finally, on January 1, 1804, Dessaillines who had defeated the French, declared the island of Saint Domingo independent and renamed in Haiti, which is what the natives called it before the arrival of Columbus.