Mao Paper- Daanyaal,Jordan, and Clark
Mao Paper- Daanyaal,Jordan, and Clark
Aims and Results of Policies
Aims and Impact of...
The aim of Mao's domestic policies was to increase industrialization in order to become a world power like the US. The impact of these policies such as the Great Leap Forward and the Five Year Plan caused famine from the lack of food production because of the amount of steel production. This lead to many deaths at the price of trying to create China into a world power.
The aim of Mao's economic policies was to be able to industrialize China as fast as possible to be able to compete with other world powers. The impact of these economic policies is that many people suffered from famine because of the amount of collectivization and the amount of steel production that was going on. This industrialization process caused many farmers to stop growing food which lead to the famine, instead of growing food the farmers would melt their tools to create steel. At this point many farmers didn't have the necessities to farm.
The aims of Mao's political policies was to purge any members that opposed the revolutionary ideal and any intellectuals because they did not have the mindset of a true revolutionary like the peasants did. The impact of these policies such as the Hundred Flowers Campaign and the Anti-Rightist Movement was to get rid of Mao's opponents and intellectuals within the country in order to maintain power.
The aim of Mao's cultural policies was to retake control of the Chinese government and run the country. He did this through his Cultural Revolution to gain followers and supporters to help him regain power in China. The impact of these policies allowed Mao to regain power in China and allowed him to have influence over the government's decisions. This also lead to the formation of the Red Guards which would go after intellectuals, destroy schools, destroy books to make China different from old culture. This was done to create cultural revolution and to create a new type of China based on new values and not old values.
The aim of Mao's social policies was to promote the idea of being revolutionary. True revolutionaries were considered to be the peasants because Mao was a peasant and they each identified with one another. The impact of these policies was that Mao was able to form the Red Guards and gain many followers because the majority or the population, peasants, identified with Mao's values and ideas because he was once a peasant and he wanted to help the peasants.
Impact of Policies on...
Marriage Reform Law of 1950, this allowed both genders to be equal in union and arranged marriages were eliminated from the practice. This allowed Mao to gain lots of support from many women throughout China.
The impact of the policies on minorities is that the peasants gained lots of recognition and were utilized as the backbone of the country's progress to industrialization. For the intellectuals within the country they were targeted by Mao's policies because they were not revolutionary and Mao wanted these intellectuals to become revolutionary by sending them south or by purging them so that the population would not be influenced by intellectuals but by Mao instead.
Authoritarian Control and the Extent to which it was achieved
The authoritarian control gained by Mao is that he was the leader of China and he was able to control and have influence over the decisions made by his party. Mao's authoritarian control was achieved to the extent that he was able to control China for a period of time. Then later on Mao was used as a public figure to endorse the government's policies, this caused Mao to lose his representation within the Chinese government. Mao later on was able to regain his power in China by advocating for a Cultural Revolution where he gained many followers and supporters that helped him have control over the government's decisions.
Emergence of Authoritarian States
Conditions in which authoritarian states emerged
Inflation spiraled out of control and Jiang's gov't failed to control the financial situation. Cities in china had different exchange rates, and GMD's main support - the middle class was devastated because the shortage of money led to government increasing taxes, in which mostly the peasants levied on. Jiang's gov't printed more money, which led to further inflation and after a while became hyperinflation.
Much of China was split between the GMD and the CPC. Before that was when the last empress Yuan Shiki died in 1916, the warlords took over. Became known as the
. That's when the
first united front
between Mao and Jiang was formed in 1923. During the
Northern expedition 1926-1928.
rifts began to show between the CPC and the GMD. The clash truly began when Jiang attacked the communist block. The fighting ended when the GMD and Jiang lost the
Civil War 1946-1949
and Jiang fled along with his troops to Taiwan
impact of war
Mao's rise occurred during the civil war from 1946-1949, between him and Jiang Jieshi and the GMD. At the time, the GMD outranked the CPC 4:1. Mao won due to his guerrilla warfare to disperse the GMD . Another reason CPC won was because GMD would leave their weapons behind by deserting troops or the defectors bought it with them to the CPC grounds.
weakness of political system
1927- Mao wrote his report in Hunan , in which he felt that the peasants will rise up and end the feudal system of landownership that had exploited china by western powers. During the
form 1934-1935. Mao started to form his own version of Communism, dubbed Maoism, in which everyone would take part in it from the ground up and the man people he rallied and supported was the peasantry.
Methods used to est Authoritarian state
Role of leaders
Mao had appointed people to be in charge of certain roles to play. He used his wife madame Mao, to re-vilify the arts and bring back the true sense of Communism and re-implicate the arts to Maoist standard. Mao appointed Deng Xio[ping for the
Anti-Rightist movement (1957-59
) in which the intellectuals were persecuted or sent tot he country side after the
100 Flowers Campaign
(1956) was a failure and it was mainly the intellectuals attacking Mao and the CPC.
Persuasion and Coercion
Mao seized land from the warlords and used violence as a means when he turned it into communes. Mao even persuaded the youth to rebel against their parents and authority during the Cultural revolution.
Use of Force
Great Leap Forward(1956)
in which he sought rapid collectivization and wanted China to industrialize in the steel sector,and forced millions of people to create kilns for making steel and they even dumped their utensils, but a year later only a quarter of the steel was usable and 50 million people died.
1st 5 year plan(1953-58)
eliminate Chinese independence n agriculture and getting peasants to help build up the industrial sector from the loans the USSR gave.
Mao est himself as a Cult of Personality during the
Cultural Revolution (1966-1976)
when Mao convinced the youth to attack the government and to fight for him and his ideals and beliefs and how he wanted the CPC to pay for their actions and how they started to become bureaucratic and moved on from being true revolutionists. Mao used his wife Jiang Qing, who started to censor the arts and began to show "communist Realism
Consolidation and Maintenance of power
Use of Force
the great protection culture revolution was a complex power struggle between Mao and others top party leads for control of the CCP
the failure of the Great leap Forward
China was left in a waste land which resulted in a number of 50 million deaths which is where the Officials within China had to talk control back from Mao to restore china and stabilize the economy of the country that had now been in the events of major famine and total starvation from 1958-1963
Extent and treatment of opposition Mao's army Steadily grew by the millions students rampaged across china they caused a tremendous amount of damage to churches and libraries The CPC itself was Tgeted by Jing Qing and Liu was dismisssed from his post others such as Zhu De and Deng Xiaoping were denounced as rectionaries and sent to work in camps
Mao's little red but was a form of propaganda created in 1964 which was one form of propaganda that encouraged the young minds of china to join the red Guard and follow Mao after his Establishment of the cult of Mao
Dissemination of propaganda
The little red book the unofficial title of quotations from chairman mao Zedong by 1965 the Army had been turned around into a propaganda organ also being the combination of all Mao's speeches developing the cult of Mao in 1964