How far has the Weimar Republic recovered? (Culture (positives (famous…
How far has the Weimar Republic recovered?
decline in morals (of people), caused by:
Jewish artists / musicians
Bauhaus design college was forced out of Weimar by town officials
reaction to Weimar culture
Wanted simple country values
more help for the countryside, less decadence in towns
colorful and exciting
cultural revival, allowed free expression of ideas
famous Bauhaus style of design + architecture
rejection of traditionals
new and exciting buildings
production of designs
Marlene Dietrich - singer
Fritz Lang - film maker
daring + liberated night life
criticised politcal leaders
Stresemann attacked by Nationalists
for joining League
signing the Locarno Pact
Locarno pact seen as DE accepting Treaty of Versailles.
Stresemann's greatest triumph
Locarno Treaties signed
guaranteed to not to try to change Germany's western borders with France + France
Germany is accepted into League
Stresemann reversed some of Treaty. Versailles' terms
Death of Strese.
already negotiated Young Plan
lightened reparations burden on DE
led to final removal of British + French + Belgian troops from Rhineland
became more stable
no more attempted revolutions
politican who was a leading opponent of Ebert in 1923:
"the Republic is beginning to settle and the German people are becoming reconciled to the way things are"
Nazis and Communists
building up their party organizations
around 30% of votes often opposed to Republic -- bad news for Republic.
Right wing organisations that were the greatest threat were quiet rather than destroyed
right wing Nationalist Party and Nazis collaborated, appeared more respectable
Hindenburg elected by Germans as president
Hindenburg opposed to democracy!!
Wrote to Kaiser (in exile) for approval before taking post!!
Four different chancellors, influence of party leaders which held party coalitions together