Printings (Definition Exercise (Binding (a strong covering holding the…
a strong covering holding the pages of a book together.
a row of stitches sewn on to cloth.
Die cutting is the process of using a die to shear webs of low-strength materials, such as rubber, fiber, foil, cloth, paper, corrugated fiberboards, paperboard, plastics, pressure-sensitive adhesive tapes, foam and sheet metal.
Embossing and debossing are the processes of creating either raised or recessed relief images and designs in paper and other materials.
Folding. In binding and finishing, an operation performed—commonly after printing and cutting—to fold a press sheet into a signature.
Scoring and perforating
Scoring and perforating machines were designed to crease your documents for easy folding and processing.
Thermographic printing refers to two types of printing, both of which rely on heat to create the letters or images on a sheet of paper.
apply varnish to.
Imposition is one of the fundamental steps in the prepress printing process. It consists in the arrangement of the printed product’s pages on the printer’s sheet, in order to obtain faster printing, simplify binding and reduce paper waste.
In its simplest form, Foil Block Printing (sometimes called Hot Foil Stamping) is where a pre-glued metallic foil, is pressed by a heated die, into the surface of a material. This is a permanent way of applying a quality finish to materials, such as card, for packaging. This process can also be used to apply a finish to other materials including leather.
• gerund or present participle: screen printing
• force ink or metal on to (a surface) through a
prepared screen of fine material so as to
create a picture or pattern. "screen-printed
Mesh is stapled to a wooden or metal frame
Masking tape stuck around underside of the screen
Stencil design cut
Stencil placed under frame but above paper
Line of ink placed at one end of screen
Use squeegee to draw ink across screen, pressing firmly
Carefully liO screen
The average cost for screen prin)ng a shirt is
$3.50 for each screen on the shirt without any
• An average price for a 1 color print on a 100%
coEon t-shirt ranges from $5.50 to $9.00
depending on the number of shirts in the order
and you charge much more for a 6 color shirt. An
order for 72 shirts would take less than 25
minutes to print and you would charge at least
$8.00 per shirt for 6 colors or $576.00.
Long sleeve T-Shirts
Lithography is the process of printing from a flat surface (such as smooth stone or a metal
plate) treated so as to repel the ink except where it is required for printing.
Rosin then Talc the image.
Apply etch (through gum film- DO NOT BUFF). Work from mildest etch to strongest etch.
Blot up excess etch mixtures.
Add fresh gum and buff to a thin, streakless film with a cheesecloth.
Let image rest. 2 hours for dry materials, half a day for liquid materials.
Wash out the image with mineral spirits (follow with lacquer thinner for stubborn areas).
Buff down a thin, even layer of asphaltum.
Wash off the stone with water and a dirty sponge. Follow with a clean sponge and keep
Roll-up the image in roll-up ink until “up” (no asphaltum is visible).
Rosin and Talc image. Make corrections/deletions if desired.
Apply second etch (steps 2-4). This can be done immediately after roll up in ink with 2nd & 3rd
Let image sit at least 24 hours before printing.
At the Press:
Wash out image with mineral spirits.
Buff down a thin, even layer of asphaltum.
Wash off the stone with water and a dirty sponge. Follow with your clean sponge and keep
Roll-up the image in printing ink until “up” (no asphaltum is visible).
Proof image on newsprint until ‘full’ and then proceed to print onto good paper.
Dry Drawing Materials
• Litho Crayons and Pencils Rubbing Ink
Range from soft/greasy (#00) to hard (#5). Thicker, comse in soft, medium and hard.
Liquid Drawing Materials
• Cake Tusche
Can be mixed with water or solvents to produce various types of washes. Comes in a can.
• Liquid Tusche
Greasy liquid that produces a good solid black when used straight out of the bottle or washes when diluted with water.
• Autographic Ink/ Zincographic Ink
Thin liquid that can be used in crow quill and rapidograph pens or brushes. Good for producing very fine lines.
• Gum Arabic
Can be used as a resist, these areas will not print.
Letterpress printing is technique of relief printing using a
printing press, where many copies are produced by
repeated direct impression of an inked, raised surface
against sheets or a continuous roll of paper. A worker
composes and locks movable type into a ‘bed’ or ‘chase’
of a press, inks it, and presses paper against it to transfer
the ink from the type which creates an impression on the
Letterpress printing is truly the most beautiful craftsmanship - It is a
centuries old art form, which is timeless, classic and results in a
beautiful tactile impression into the paper.
Letterpress Printing is the oldest and one of the most exquisite forms of
printing available. Letterpress hasn't changed much since 1440 when
Gutenberg developed movable type and the first ever printing press
was invented. For the last 520 odd years, letterpress was the most
common form of printing, it was a craft of masters, it was something
terribly precious. However during the last century the
development of faster, motorized offset printing presses
meant that centuries of knowledge and craftsmanship
were lost in an instant.
1 colour-printed invitation envelopes
1 colour-printed reply envelopes
1 color: $1320 (1-ply Bella Smooth Cotton paper)
1 color: $1480 (2-ply Bella Smooth Cotton paper /
1-ply Bella Cotton or Bella colored papers)
Letterpress printing can produce anything that needs text
and patterns. For example, post cards, business cards,
posters and many more.
Rotogravure (gravure for short) is an
intaglio printing process that
developed in the mid 19th century. In
the early 1900s, it was particularly
used for letter stamps and
The rotogravure process is a direct
transfer method for printing onto
wood-pulp fiber based, synthetic, or
laminated substrate, including:
• Films such as polyester, OPP, nylon, and PE
• Carton Boards
• Aluminum Foil
• The cost of a gravure printing press is in the
$1 million range
• A single gravure cylinder costs around $8000
• It is less expensive to run as it produces more
pages per impression (turns of the cylinder)
• It is very expensive to change/replace the
• Food packaging
• Wall paper
• Wrapping paper
• Furniture laminates
• Greeting cards
Gravure inks are fluid with a very low
viscosity, which prevents smudging which
allows the print to result in the production of a
high quality and sharp image