War of Roses/Medieval Crime and Punishment (The War of Roses (WHO?…
War of Roses/Medieval Crime and Punishment
The War of Roses
House of York-White Rose *House of Lancaster-Red Rose
WHAT? * A series of battles for the English crown
Both of the families (houses) were descendants of the King Edward III
King Henry VI (Lancastrian) had terrible nobles
Powerful lords with armies *King Henry VI's mental illness
Medieval Crime and Punishment
There were two types of trial in medieval times: trial by jury used for all but the most serious crimes and trial by ordeal for the most serious crimes.
Trial by ordeal was intended to determine if a person was innocent or guilty- it was believed that God would help the innocent by performing a miracle on their behalf.
Torture was deemed a legitimate means to extract confessions or to obtain the names of accomplices or other information about a crime. Torture was conducted in private, unlike public trials and executions.
To be hanged, drawn and quartered was from 1351 a statutory penalty in England for men convicted of high treason. For reasons of public decency, women convicted of high treason were instead burned at the stake.
Ways of Punishment
Cutting of Body Parts
Major Points of the War of Roses
Queen Margaret of Anjou-Lancaster, totally ruthless, planned all of the battle strategies.
Henry the VII is crowned king; so the Tudors won
Battle of Townton
The Tudors are going to win.
Lots of double crossing
Ways of Torture
Ducking Stool- Tied to a chair; repeatedly dunked in water
Catherine's Wheel/Breaking Wheel- Systematic breaking of limbs
Scold's Bridle (Punishment)- used to prevent someone from talking; this was used on women that liked to gossip
Boot- something that would crush your foot, burn your foot, etc. then make you walk on it
Ordeal by Fire- Walk 3-4 paces with a red hot iron in hands
Ordeal by Water- Hands and Feet bound and thrown into water; if you floated you were innocent and if you sank you were guilty
Ordeal by Combat- Fight between the accused and accuser; if accused wins they are innocent; if accuser wins they are right.