Physical Geography of Eastern Europe
Lies Northwest of Russia and Eastern Europe
Largest inland body of water covering an area larger than Japan. Located at the most southerneast point in Europe
Surrounds Balkan Peninsula is near Italy
Surrounds Balkan Peninsula near Adriatic
Surrounds Balkan Peninsula. Borders the southern coast of Ukraine and southwestern Europe. Also separates Turkey from Ukraine and the Balkan peninsula.
Longest River in Europe. Russia's most important waterway. Located Northwest of Moscow.
Flows through Belarus and Ukraine before emptying into the Black sea.
Flows toward the east through several countries before emptying into the black Sea. Many cities are located along the banks on the river.
Second longest river in Ukraine. Has freigeht and passenger ships
Serves as an important route to get to the black sea.
The greater and the lesser Caucasus
Located to the south of the Russian plain
Located to the East of the Russian plains
The Carpathian Mountains
Eastward of the Alps. Vienna Basin separates Alps from Carpathiajns
Located in Romania.
Located in between the Alps and the Carpathians. Located in Austria
Fishing is an important factor to Russia's economy
salmon, Cod, Herring, and Pallock are most important for the commercial boats.
Romania's fishing industry focuses in on the Southeastern Seas and rivers, such as the Danube and the Black sea
The European Union has an overfishing restrictions, but fishing still stays important.
Energy and Minerals
Siberia reserves most of Russia's natural gas, oil, and vast coal
machines made from steel are used to make Russia's automobiles, railroads,ships,and many consumer products.
Russia's coal and rich deposits of iron and fuel the country's steel industry.
Poland's mineral resources include aluminum, coal, copper, lead, and zinc.
One of the worlds most sources of sulfur is Poland.
Romania has rich deposits of coal. Also the collect oil from the Black sea.
Thermal power and hydroelectric support Romania's energy needs.
Forests and Agriculture
Only one sixth of Russia's land is suitable for agriculture
Grains, Wheat, Oats, and Barley are crops grown in Russia.
Most of the land stretches to the Black sea from the baltic sea. This area is triangular shaped, Known as the Fertile Triangle.
Lumber paper and cardboards are big resources, because Russia has forests the size of Continental United States.
Long cold winters cause the forests to grow slower, so tit threatens the lumber industry.
In 2010, Russia had a really bad drought causing bad forest fires with tremendous heat. These forest fires destroyed the crops and forests.
Humid Continental Climate
Russia's Far North
Western Russia has a subarctic climate.
Winters are cold with temperatures as low as -40 degrees.
Summers are short and cool. Temperatures range from 50 degrees to 86 degrees.
Much of Eastern Europe and Western Russia have a humid continental climate
They experience mild to warm summer, and long cold winters.
Albania and Macedonia experience more of a Mediterranean climate, Summers are hot and dry and winters are mild and rainy.
Consists of mild winter hot summers
Cold and snowy. Arctic weather
The Russian Plains
Begins in Belarus and Ukraine stretches East 1,000 miles
Central Russian Upland
The Uplands are the plains elevated. Located East of the Ural mountains.
Northern European Plains
Located in Poland,Eastern Europe, and parts of Western Europe
North of Siberia West of Russia . Southeast of Hungary.
Vast level areas of land that support only low growing vegetation like grasses.
Conflict among ethnic groups within a state country or a region.
When sea water mixes with river water.
The estimated total amount of a resource in a certain area.
An area of high elevation.