War of Roses/Medieval Crime and Punishment (War of Roses 1455-1485…
War of Roses/Medieval Crime and Punishment
Ordeal by Water is when hands and feet are bound and thrown into water.
Ordeal by Fire is when you walk 3-4 paces with a red hot iron in hands.
Ordeal by Combat is when fight between the accused and the accuser.
War of Roses 1455-1485
English families were involved in this.
House of York-White Rose : House of Lancaster-Red Rose
This happened in England.
The Wars of Roses were a series of battles for the English crown.
Both families were descendants of King Edward III
King Henry VI was a Lancastrian and had terrible nobles. And people in England kept fighting each other.
Powerful lords with armies.
Henry VI is mentally ill
War of Roses Details
Queen Margaret of Anjou-Lancaster took over for Henry VI when he was mentally ill.
Lots of double crossing.
Battle of Townton was a York victory. This is considered the bloodiest battle on English soil.
King Edward IV's sons were given to Richard III to take care of but he locked them in a tower and didn't take care of them.
Tudors emerge victorious at the Battle of Bosworth.
Medieval Crime and Punishment
Trail by jury is used for all people but the more serious crimes and trial by ordeal is used for the most serious crimes.
Trial by ordeal was intended to determine if a person was innocent or guilty. It was believed that God would help the innocent by performing a miracle on their behalf.
Torture was deemed a legitimate means to extract confessions of obtain the names of accomplices or other information about a crime. Torture was conducted in private, unlike public trials and executions.
Catherine's wheel was you were spun on a wheel and then asked questions and if you didn't answer them they would hit your limbs with a metal rod.
To be hanged, drawn and quartered was from 1351 a statutory penalty in England for men convicted of high treason. For reasons of public decency, women convicted of high treason were instead burned at the stake.
Other ways of punishment are fines, shaming, cutting off body parts, public stocks, and death.
Ducking Stool is when they tie people to a chair and repeatedly dunked you in water.
Scold's Bridle is used to prevent someone from talking and its a metal thing on their mouths.