Wars of Roses/ Medieval Crime and Punishment (Medieval Crime and…
Wars of Roses/ Medieval Crime and Punishment
House of York- White Rose
House of Lancaster-Red Rose
Both families (houses) were descendants of the King Edward III.
King Henry VI had terrible nobles.
Civil unrest, powerful lords with armies, and Henry VI's mental illness
A series of battles for the English crown.
Battle of Townton
Queen Margaret of Anjou-Lancaster
Lots of double crossing
King Edward IV's sons-King Richard III
Tudors emerge victorious-Battle of Bosworth
Medieval Crime and Punishment
There were two types of trial in medieval times; trial by jury used for all but the most serious crimes and trial by ordeal for the most serious crimes.
Trial by ordeal was intended to determine if a person was innocent or guilty-it was a believed that God would help the innocent by performing a miracle on their behalf.
Torture was deemed and legitimate means to extract confessions or to obtain the names of accomplices or other information about a crime. Torture was conducted in private, unlike public trials and executions.
To be hanged, drawn, and quartered was from 1351 a statutory penalty in England for men convicted of high treason. For reasons of public decency, women convicted of high treason were instead burned at the stake.
Fines, Shaming, Public Stocks, Cutting off body parts, and Death.
Ways of Torture
Catherine's Wheel/Breaking Wheel systematic breaking of limbs
Scold's Bridle used to prevent someone from talking
Ducking Stool: Tied to a chair; repeatedly dunked in water
Ordeal by Fire: Walk 3-4 paces with a red hot iron in hands
Ordeal by Water: Hands and feet bound and thrown into water
Ordeal by Combat: Fight between the accused and accuser