MENTAL ILLNESS IS AN ISSUE IN NEW ZEALAND (Government help and policies…
MENTAL ILLNESS IS AN
ISSUE IN NEW ZEALAND
Stigma and Discrimination toward Mental Illness in NZ
Stigma - a mark of disgrace associated with a particular circumstance, quality, or person.
Discrimination - the unjust or prejudicial treatment of different categories of people or things
Discrimination and Stigma stops people from:
Feeling apart of a community
Feeling supported by their friends and family
Feeling good about themselves & their strength to recover
Participating in work, social or educational activities
Discrimination is most commonly experienced from friends and family
Who is more likely to seek help for depression?
59% of females
44% of males
51% of adults aged 25 to 44-years-old , 56% of 45 to 64-years-old and 62% of 65+ years-old, compared with younger adults aged 15 to 24-years-old who were only 35%.
44% of Maori
33% of Pacific People
31% of Asian People
59 % of people living in a neighbourhood of low deprivation status
43% of people living in a highly deprived neighbourhood
Labelling of differences
Associating human differences with negative attributes
Separating "us" and "them"
Status loss and discrimination
Mental Illness in NZ - The Facts
A condition that causes serious disorder in a person’s behaviour or thinking
An issue that is getting worse.
One in six adults has been diagnosed with a mental illness at some point in their lives
Those living in deprived areas are 2.5 times more likely to be seen by mental health and addiction services
As of June 2015, it was reported that 32, 610 long term clients were seen during the year.
20, 686 of this number were seen for a further two years or more
Women have higher rates of mental illness, but men have higher rates of suicide. Women are more inclined to be hospitalised due to intentional self-harm
Youth have higher rates of mental illness, and have higher rates of suicide compared to adult 65 years and older. Mental illness affects youth and young adults more than any other age group (15-24 years old).
Compared to other countries
In a study done with 17 other countries, New Zealand was rated among the worse countries who are affected by mental illness
Government help and policies
The Like Minds, Like Mine
A public awareness project aimed to increase the awareness and destigmatize mental illness. In addition to this, the campaign encourages and promotes people to seek help before it becomes a problem.
Promotes seeking help
Established 1997 (Updated 2012)
Rising to the Challenge
A government funded development plan to improve mental health and addiction services. It focuses on fund optimization, improving integration between primary and secondary services, increasing accessibility to services for all age groups, and improving the recovery services for both low and high severity. (Ministry of Health, 2012)
Improve mental health and addiction services
Improve primary and secondary service integration
Increase accessibility to services for all ages
Improve recovery services
The National Depression Initiative:
Improve early recognition
Promotes mental wellness
Improve health professional
Primary health care
Mental health care
Problems that policies face
Statutory mental health services, living well
In this case study, staff tended to prioritise imperative patient needs such as patient need, local
context and service demands, rather than prioritising government policies.
Government funding is insufficient and spent frugally .
The Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Psychiatrists
They are being funded by Nation Mental Health Strategy (Australia) and the New Zealand Ministry of Health.
They aim to establish an effective therapeutic relationship; provide the patient with information about the condition, the rationale for treatment, the likelihood of a positive response and the expected timeframe; consider the patient’s strengths, life stresses and supports.
The Key to Life Charitable Trust
They improve research, awareness campaigns, and altering negative societal attitudes in New Zealand. Create support groups that encourage respect, helpfulness, and consideration for everybody
Effects on the individual
-Post Traumatic Stress Disorder
-Obsessive Compulsion Disorder
-Persistent Depressive Disorder
Individuals with Depression experience:
Weakened Immune System
Chronic Fatigue Syndrome (CFS)
Appetite or Weight Changes
Individuals with Anxiety experience:
Higher rates of unemployment
Impairments in work performance