The Cuban Missile Crisis:warning:
The Cuban Missile Crisis
The reason that there is a telephone line or 'Hotline' between Moscow and Washington is because of the Cuban Missile Crisis.
The Cuban Missile Crisis was an important factor in removing Khrushchev from power in 1964 as he was seen as weak for stepping down to the U.S. and removing the missiles.
To explain President JFK's absence while sorting out the Cuban Missile Crisis, the government said he had a cold.
Cuba's Fidel Castro and Russia's Khrushchev negotiated sending missiles into Cuba to protect from U.S. attacks. The U.S. was afraid of the missiles causing nuclear war which increased tensions between the three countries. The U.S. implemented a blockade of Cuba, which blocked USSR ships carrying weapons from going to Cuba. After the CMC was over, the USSR dismantled their missiles in Cuba and the U.S. ended their blockade.
The USSR (Khrushchev), Cuba (Castro), and the U.S. (Kennedy)
October 16, 1962 – October 28, 1962; during the Cold War
In Cuba (the Bay of Pigs and the missile site)
The U.S. had installed strategic a missile base in Turkey. Also, the invasion of the Bay of Pigs by American forces to try to end the Castro regime increased animosity between the U.S. and Cuba.This plus America's failure to respond to the Berlin Wall allowed Khrushchev to underestimate Kennedy prompting him to put missiles in Cuba to help gain a lead in the Cold War.
Khrushchev and Kennedy agreed to remove their missiles from Cuba and Turkey respectively. This angered many allies of the U.S. who saw the missiles as their protection from the USSR. The crisis eventually an agreement between the U.S. and USSR to ban weapon testing above ground and sign the Test Ban Treaty
The CMC was the closest the encounter to nuclear war during the Cold War. This prompted the U.S. and USSR to sign a treaty banning testing nuclear weapons (Test Ban Treaty) and later the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty of 1968 (NPT).