Anahy Perez Jacinto 3/30/17 Period 6 European Union (Research (Working…
Anahy Perez Jacinto 3/30/17 Period 6 European Union
Employment has also been hit by the global economic crisis, and the turbulence in the eurozone.
As an EU national, you're entitled to work — for an employer or as a self-employed person — in any EU country without needing a work permit.
Exception — Croatian nationals still face temporary restrictions on working in the EU.
If you live and work in another EU country, it's important to be aware of the consequences for
your benefits (sickness, maternity/paternity, pensions, occupational accidents and diseases, death grants, unemployment, early retirement, family, etc.)
where you have to pay tax.
With just 6,9% of the world’s population, the EU's trade with the rest of the world accounts for around 20% of global exports and imports..
Over 62% of EU countries’ total trade is done with other EU countries.
The EU is one of the three largest global players for international trade, next to the United States and China. In 2014, the EU’s exports of goods were equivalent to 15.0 % of the world total. They were surpassed for the first time since the EU was founded by those of China (15.5 %), but were still ahead of the United States (12.2 %), which had a larger share of world imports (15.9 %) than either the EU (14.8 %) or China (12.9 %).
The proportion of journeys made by car has increased slightly since 2008 – compared with other forms of road transport (such as coaches and buses). The EU continues to support investment in and restructuring of rail transport.
In spite of the current economic crisis, global air transport looks set to expand by around 5% a year until 2030. As traffic increases, so do concerns about safety. EU aviation policy aims to make European air space the safest in the world.
The EU aims is to promote efficient, safe, secure and environmentally friendly transport networks.
Measuring the economy
The EU's economy — measured in terms of the goods and services it produces (GDP) — is ahead of the United States. EU GDP in 2014 €14,600 billion
The annual EU budget is €145 bn (2015 figures) – a large sum in absolute terms, but only about 1% of the wealth generated by EU economies every year
What happens after the budget has been spent?
The Commission tells the European Parliament and the Council how it was spent.
The European Court of Auditors also scrutinises spending.
If the money has been spent in accordance with the rules, the European Parliament gives its approval.
Who decides how the money is spent?
The annual budget – subject to the ceilings set out in the multiannual financial framework, is decided democratically as follow:
The national governments (acting through the EU Council), and the directly elected European Parliament approve the proposal. This becomes next year's budget.
The European Commission proposes a budget.
What is the money spent on?
The lion's share of the EU budget supports growth and jobs. Another significant share goes on agriculture and rural development.
Top spending money areas (2015)
46% – smart and inclusive growth in the EU,
12% – making European firms more competitive.
34% – helping underdeveloped EU regions and disadvantaged sections of society
41% – producing safe and secure food supplies, original farming and efficient and sustainable use of land and forests.
How much is spent on running costs?
Members (countries) of the European Union
Austria,Italy,Belgium,Latvia,Bulgaria,Lithuania,Croatia,Luxembourg,Cyprus,Malta,Czech Republic,Netherlands,Denmark,Poland,Estonia,Portugal,Finland,Romania,France,Slovakia,Germany,Slovenia,Greece,Spain,Hungary,Sweden ,Ireland,United Kingdom
Joining the European Union