Cancer control (Colorectal cancer) (Reasons why NHPA? (Largest contributor…
Cancer control (Colorectal cancer)
Definition - Cancer - attempting to control or stop the growth of a group of diseases in which the cells become defective and behave abnormally.
Reasons why NHPA?
Largest contributor to Australian BOD
Major health impact on the Australian community due to high morbidity, mortality and health care costs
It is preventable
2 nutritional RISK factors
Carbohydrates, protein and fats - Contribute energy to the diet, which can lead to weight gain and obesity, increasing the risk of colorectal cancer.
Saturated fat - Appears to increase the risk of colorectal cancer.
2 nutritional PROTECTIVE factors
Fibre - Fibre assists in moving digested food matter through the digestive tract and absorbs water, which adds bulk to faeces, making them easier to pass. The exact relationship between fibre and colorectal cancer is unknown but fibre appears to decrease the risk of colorectal cancer.
Water - Contributes no kilojoules to energy intake, so can reduce the risk of obesity and associated conditions, including colorectal cancer. Is absorbed by fibre and assists in flushing waste, which may decrease the risk of colorectal cancer.
3 Non-nutritional factors
Biological, Genetic predisposition - Some people are more likely to develop cancer than others. The genetic influence seems to be particularly important for certain cancers, such as breast cancer and prostate cancer.
Social, stress - Although there is no conclusive link between stress and cancer, it is believed that stress may suppress the immune system and therefore allow cancerous cells to develop.
Physical environment, geographical location of resources - Resources such as cancer screening services do not necessarily decrease the risk of cancer, but they can contribute to early detection and higher survival rates. People in rural and remote areas may have difficulty accessing these services.
3 Direct costs
Medication such as chemotherapy, radiation and PBS-prescription medication (Individual & Community)
Ambulance transport - going from hospital to treatment (Individual)
Health care promotion - Cancer council (Community)
3 Indirect costs
Loss of productivity - unable to work can't do (Community)
Carer payments - not well enough to do house chores (Individual)
Transport costs (Community)
3 Intangible costs
Family stress (Community)
Loss of socialisation - cannot do daily jobs like grocery shopping (Individual)
Anxiety and stress (Individual)