PARTIAL 1 (Vocabulary (Everyday inventions (camcorder, digital camera,…
camcorder, digital camera, dishwasher, DVD player, home cinema system, laptop, microwave oven, mobile phone, MP3 player, remote control, satnav, vacuum cleaner, washing machine.
charge/recharge (a battery), connect X to Y, insert, plug in, press a button (Power/Play/ Stop/Fast Forward/Rewind), select (a programme/ a track/a function) switch/turn on, swith/turn off.
Propositional phrases with adjectives
afraid of, aware of, bored with, different from, good at, interested in, pleased with, ready for, responsible for, similar to, tired of, worried about.
Subject + be + past participle (+ by + agent)
We use it when: we are more interested in the action than the people who do the action, we don´t know who exactly does the action and when it´s obvious or understood who did the action.
Example: The prizes are given at a ceremony. This invention is being used by millions of people. This type of energy will be used in the future. This car wasn´t invented in 1930. These computers have been used by NASA.
Have something done.
Subject + have or get + object + past participle (by + agent)
We use it to: talk about actions which we don´t do ourselves; somebody or something does them for us. We often pay them to do this action. "Get" is slightly more informal.
Example: I get my eyes tested once a year. She is having a dress made by Dolce and Gabbana. We have had the house decorated. He had his hair cut. They were getting the car serviced. We´ll get our photo taken.
Useful expressions for agreeing ot partially agreeing.
I (totally) disagree (with you) (that...), I agree to an extent, that´s true, you´ve got a point, I take your point, I see what you mean, I´m not sure that´s true.
Useful expressions for disagreeing or partially disagreeing.
I (totally) agree (with you)(that...), I agree to an extent (that...), that´s true, you´re right, you´re right, you´ve got a point, I take your point, I see what you mean.
Useful linkers in "for and against" essays.
Firstly, secondly, finally.
Futhermore, what´s more, in addition.
On the one hand..., on the other hand..., in contrast, however.
In my opinion, personally I think, as far as I´m concerned.