CONGRESS (Senate (Powers (Advice and consent appointments made by the…
Advice and consent appointments made by the President.
If there no majority in the Electoral College, the Senate selects the Vice President while the House selects the President.
The Senate has the power to try cases of impeachment of federal officials
The Senate ratifies all treaties between the United States and foreign powers.
Agriculture, Nutrition, and Forestry
Banking, Housing, and Urban Affairs
Commerce, Science, and Transportation
Energy and Natural Resources
Environment and Public Works
Health, Education, Labor, and Pensions
Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs
Rules and Administration
Small Business and Entrepreneurship
Aging (Special Committee)
Ethics (Select Committee)
Indian Affairs (Other Committee)
Intelligence (Select Committee)
The Senate Elects a Vice President, February 8, 1837
The Florida Case, February 5, 1877
Senator Ousted, July 13, 1912
Key Pittman Barely Elected, January 28, 1913
November 5 Election in Doubt, October 25, 1918
Terms: Unlimited six-year terms.
House of Reprisentatives
Power to elect the President of the United States. This would only happen if electoral votes were tied. The Senate has the power to do the same with the office of Vice President.
Power to introduce laws and legislation that specifically deal with revenue and taxes.
Power to set in motion impeachment proceedings.
Power to introduce laws and legislation other than revenue-related.
Power to participate in Joint Committees alongside senate members.
Education and the Workforce
Energy and Commerce
Oversight and Government Reform
Science, Space, and Technology
Transportation and Infrastructure
Ways and Means
Joint Economic Committee
Joint Committee on the Library
Joint Committee on Printing
Joint Committee on Taxation
Select Committee on Benghazi
Elections for representatives are held in every even-numbered year, on Election Day the first Tuesday after the first Monday in November.
Representatives and Delegates serve for two-year terms, while the Resident Commissioner serves for four years.
How to make a law
Bill is proposed
When a Representative has written a bill, the bill needs a sponsor. The Representative talks with other Representatives about the bill in hopes of getting their support for it. Once a bill has a sponsor and the support of some of the Representatives, it is ready to be introduced.
Bill Is Introduced
When a bill is introduced in the U.S. House of Representatives, a bill clerk assigns it a number that begins with H.R. A reading clerk then reads the bill to all the Representatives, and the Speaker of the House sends the bill to one of the House standing committees.
Bill Goes to Committee
When the bill reaches committee, the committee members review, research, and revise the bill before voting on whether or not to send the bill back to the House floor.
Bill Is Reported
When the committee has approved a bill, it is sent—or reported—to the House floor. Once reported, a bill is ready to be debated by the U.S. House of Representatives.
Bill Is Debated
Representatives discuss the bill and explain why they agree or disagree with it.
Bill Is Voted On
Viva Voce, Division, Recorded
Bill Is Referred to the Senate
When a bill reaches the U.S. Senate, it goes through many of the same steps it went through in the U.S. House of Representatives. The bill is discussed in a Senate committee and then reported to the Senate floor to be voted on.
Senators vote by voice. Those who support the bill say “yea,” and those who oppose it say “nay.” If a majority of the Senators say “yea,” the bill passes in the U.S. Senate and is ready to go to the President.
Bill Is Sent to the President
2 more items...
In addition to the members and their staffs, there are many other individuals working for the House of Representatives. The staff of the officers, officials and other organization all work to support the legislative work of the member and committee offices.
The Office of Interparliamentary Affairs coordinates official visits to the House by foreign parliamentarians or foreign legislative bodies and officials visits to foreign nations by House members.
The Office of the Law Revision Counsel prepares and publishes the United States Code, which is a consolidation and codification by subject matter of the general and permanent laws of the United States.
The Office of Congressional Ethics conducts internal investigations and transmits information to the House Committee on Standards of Official Conduct.
The Office of Legislative Counsel assists, on an impartial and confidential basis, committees and members of the House of Representatives, when requested by them, in the drafting of proposed legislation.