Ecology of the Community (Need for Community (Preventitive, Supportive,…
Ecology of the Community
Need for Community
Psychologically: humans need companionship and the emotional security that comes from belonging to a social group whose members share the same ideas and patterns of behavior. :star:
Practically: humans need to cooperate with others in order to share in the necessities of life-food, shelter, and security. :star:
When citizens are committed to mutually beneficial goals that focus on the positive growth and development of children.
Community services are necessary: increasing population, changing nature of the family, increasing urbanization of communities.
Preventitive, Supportive, and Rehabilitative Services
Preventative: lessen the stresses and strains of life resulting from social and technological changes. :star:
Parks, recreation, Schools.
Supportive: Educational programs, counseling services, health services, etc. Maintain health, education, and welfare of the community. :star:
Referrals, Economic Assistance, Counseling, Family Preservation, Senior Citizens, Child health and welfare, etc.
Rehabilitative: enable or restore people's ability to participate in the community effectively. :star:
Correction, Mental Health, special needs, etc.
Production, Distribution, Consumption
Provides its members with the means to make a living.
Has means by which it instills its norms and values in its members. (Ex: tradition, modeling, education).
Has the means to enforce adherence to community values (Ex: laws)
Fulfills the need for companionship.
Enables its members to cooperate to accomplish tasks too large or too urgent to be handled by 1 person. (Ex: taxes to hospital support)
What to Look for in a Community
Education, child care, recreation, community safety, citizen involvement, physical environment, employment opportunities, cost of living, neighborhood quality.
Factors of the Community
Population Density: Interaction with a variety of people is possible in this densely populated community. :star:
Population Composition: the stability or mobility of people in a neighborhood as well as to their homogeneity or heterogeneity. :star:
Homogeneous: people of similar backgrounds v. heterogeneous: people of differing backgrounds.
Noise: noisy schools have lower academic performance.
Community Design: the way houses and streets are arranged.
Play Settings: Influence socialization by the types of activities that occur in them and by whether or not adults are present to supervise.
Traditional: playground setting had swings, a slide, a teeter-totter, and a sandbox.
Modern: playground had various sculptures on which children could climb, crawl, and slide.
The adventure playground had old lumber, tires, crates, bricks, and rocks.
Cost of housing, transportation, education, and health care.
Social and Personal
The neighborhood: people and places nearby; where children spend their unstructured time.
Community interaction: size, social diversity, shared norms, valued types of social relationships.
Geminschaft: communal, cooperative, close, intimate, and informal interpersonal relationships. :star:
Gessellschaft: associative, practical, objective, and formal interpersonal relationships. :star: