LINGUISTIC 20170314 p.147 (The theories of word meaning (Reference (The…
LINGUISTIC 20170314 p.147
When constitutionality goes awry
When what appears to be an anomaly is nevertheless understood in terms of a meaningful concept
the expression becomes a metaphor
Walls have ears. 隔牆有耳
The night has a thousand eyes and
Our doubts are traitors.
provide some kind o
f resemblance or compariosn
not predictable on the basis of the meanings of the individual words
The parts of some idioms can be moved without affecting the idiomatic sense
Radicals were kept tabs on by the FBI
Idioms can break the rules on combining semantic properties.
ex. What did the doctor tell the vegetarian about his surgically implanted heart valve from a pig?
Playing with idioms
Lexical Semantics詞彙語意學 p.152 153
The meaning of entries in the mental lexicon is conventional.
The theories of word meaning
the real-world object
The meaning of a word or expression; its association with the object it refers to
the reference will change
The reference part of a word's meaning, if it has reference a t all, is the association with its referent.