Responses to the Great Depression (United States (Franklin D. Roosevelt (…
Responses to the Great Depression
Franklin D. Roosevelt
4)Social Conditions for Americans
3)Smoot-Hawley Tariff Act of 1930: This was a government program that raised raised import duties for farmers and business men. This act raised the tariff price for the US. While this act was not the cause for the Great Depression, it added fuel to the fire. Before this act was passed, overproduction and over consumption had become a new problem.
6) The New Deal
2) American Economic Contraction
1) Crash of 1929
Type of Government: Democracy
Type of Government: dictatorship
2) War Communism
This was a plan put in place by the government with the goal of taking private property and nationalizing industrialization. It decreased peasants drive to farm which dramatically decreased the grain production and send many poor families into a state of poverty and famine.
3) New Economic Policy (NEP)
4) Five-Year Plans
The five-years plan was a plan implemented by Joseph Stalin. It was designed to industrialize the USSR in the shortest amount of time possible (5 years). It was a policy based on socialism that incorporated all of his economic goals.
1) Bolshevik Revolution
6) The Great Purge
Type of Government : dictatorship
1) Nazi Party
The Nazi Party was group of people who led a mass movement and ruled Germany under the leadership of Adolf Hitler.
2) National Socialism: National Socialism , also known as Nazism, was the movement led by Hitler in Germany.
4) The Racial State
5) Women and Race- During the reign of the Nazi's in Germany, women were seen objects almost. There only purpose of a women was to be beautiful and make beautiful children. There were even awards given out to successful mothers because they had many children. While women were not as mistreated as Jews and other ethnic groups, they were not respected. Large groups like Jews as well as blacks, homosexuals, other religions and even physically and mentally disabled were horribly treated. They were seen as inhuman and unwelcome and were blamed for Germany's discontent. These groups were sent to concentration camps where most were killed or died from mistreatment. Here is an interesting video about a women in Nazi Germany and how naive the Nazi's were.
7) Anti-Semitism: defined as hostility or prejudice against Jews. Became extremely popular during the reign of Hitler in Germany. During this time, Jews were treated no only as unequal but also as inhuman. They were horribly mistreated, sent to concentration camps, and killed. At the time, there were believed to be the subordinate race and were blamed for the misfortunes that Germany had experienced. Jews were no longer allowed to be citizens of the nation and lost most of their other rights as well.
8) Nuremberg Rules:
9) Kristallnacht: Also known as the night of Broken Glass. It was a movement in Germany on the night of November 9th, 1938. The event was unplanned and started when a German official died at the hands of a 16 year old Jewish boy. To express their outrage, Nazi's carefully planned and burned hundreds of synagogues, businesses, and home of Jewish people. At the end of the event, thousands of Jews were arrested and send to concentration camps for the sole reason of their religion.
1) The Fascist State: