G-4 Dacy Peine Japanese American Internment Camps (IV. hardships of camp…
G-4 Dacy Peine
Japanese American Internment Camps
II. Historical Background
A. attack on Pearl Harbor
a. Just before 8 a.m. on December 7, 1941.
b. Germany and Italy declared war on United States
a. FDR signed the declaration of war granted by Congress. One day later both Germany and Italy, as partners of Japan in the Tripartite Pact, declared war on the US.
B. government response to Japanese
1.exec. order 9066
a. In February 1942, just two months after Pearl Harbor, President Roosevelt as commander-in-chief, issued Executive order 9066, which had the effect of relocating all persons of Japanese ancestry.
b. The objectives of the order were to prevent espionage and to protect persons of Japanese descent from harm at the hands of Americans who had strong anti-Japanese attitudes
c. Roosevelts order effected 117,000 people of Japanese descent, two thirds of whom were native-born citizens of the United States.
A. attention getter
"And all of a sudden they said you have to leave within three days. And it was a terrible shock to us. And they were taking away my brothers and sisters. And I just felt so bad and we had our arms around each other that last day of school and we were all crying..."
B. thesis statement
III. Relocation process
A. frenzy of moving
a. families were forced to abandon their homes, pets, furniture and other important items
B. assembly centers
2.. types of places
b. horse stalls were their homes for several months
a. From Puyallup to Ponoma, internees found that a cowshed at a fairgrounds or a horse stall at a racetrack was home for several months before they were transported to a permanent wartime residence
a. told them it was temporary
C. internment camps
a. Idaho, Arizona, Utah, Arkansas, California, Wyoming, Colorado
IV. hardships of camp life
"'...they were mashed, like turnips, and it was awful...'"
they served them powdered eggs
These rooms had little insulation and small wood stoves in cold weather, and poor ventilation in the heat
poor heat ventilation
without cooking facilities of any kind
no running water
As four or five families with their sparse collections of clothing and possesions squeezed into and shared tar-papered barracks, life took on some familiar routines of socializing and school.
"'LInes were for everything, and when I made the image for the quilt, I wanted to do one on lines because it was such a thing in our lives. But it was too hard trying to fit all the figures in, So, I opted for something else. But, there were line, to get our meals, we had to stand just like you do in a cafeteria line. But these lines are longer because there were 300 to a mess hall.' "
D. lack of privacy
four or five families in one room
C. emotional trauma
the disruption of familial roles and structive had a significant impact on the lives of Japanese american women. Japanese families were typically patriarchal in structure, and this changed under internment.
F. physical trauma
high incidence of food poisoning and many other illnesses
In such close quarters diseases like typhoid, dysentary, and small pox spread quickly
understaffed and undersupplied medical centers
"'...without plumbing or cooking facilities of any kind'"
1.unsanitary conditions in shared bathroom facilities