Stereotyping Unit 3 (Sherif (Aim: to find out if prejudice develops as a…
Stereotyping Unit 3
to find out if prejudice develops as a result of competition
a group of 22 boys were randomly split into 2 teams and were kept away from each other, and created group identities. They were later informed of competitions with the prize of a silver cup
the teams began name-calling and tried to attack each other
Competition is a cause of prejudice
Unethical: cause distress with name calling
Biased: only white male children - not generalisable for girls
Greater Ecological Validity: not a lab setting
to show how easily people discriminate against their out-groups
14-15 year old boys were randomly assigned groups and given a game to play where they had to award pairs of points. They were told the points could be swapped for prizes.
They awarded points by choosing the pairs with the biggest difference, not what gave the most points
People discriminate against their out-groups
not generalisable: only 14-15 y/old boys used
Artificially created groups - lack ecological validity
lack mundane realism - not everyday task
to show if you believe you have a relationship with someone you are more likely to help them
a paid stuntman fell over in front of ManU fans. Half the time he was wearing a ManU shirt, the other half he was wearing a Liverpool shirt
When wearing a ManU shirt, he was always helped up but when wearing a Liverpool shirt, he was always left to help himself.
When you have something in common with someone, you are more likely to help them. You are less likely to help out-group members.
Has Mundane Realism: realistic situation
Lack Generalisability: only sampled ManU fans
Has Ecological Validity: not a lab setting
Unethical: Confederate stuntman