Shift in Political Spectrum in Europe Following the Great Depression…
Shift in Political Spectrum in Europe Following the Great Depression
Following the Great Depression, European countries began to shift left on the political spectrum toward socialist ideas. Many socialist groups and parties became dominant in European countries. Governments began to offer more rights, pensions, social welfare and allowances, to the working and middle classes.
Laborers vs. Conservatives
Became more Socialist
Agricultural Adjustment Act 1933- raising prices and income by limiting production
National Recovery Administration (NRA)- reduce competition, fix prices and wages. Declared unconstitutional in 1935
Roosevelt's New Deal- reform capitalism
Works Progress Administration-
Steady economic decline until 1935; economic stagnation only worsened the problem .
Labor unrest soon grew and rapid inflation and cries of revolution from Fascists soon emerged resulting in the collapse of the Popular Front.
Popular Front: encouraged the union movement, launched social reform, introduced paid vacations and 40 hour work week.
No political stability resulted in the loss of governmental unity. Fascist-type organizations soon arose, and soon the Popular Front was formed.
Social Democrats became largest party in Sweden and Norway
Workers and peasants gained rights
social welfare benefits
materity and housing allowances
Communists vs. Social Democrats
Held elections often