The Polio Outbreak (Who were some major figures during the polio outbreak?…
The Polio Outbreak
How did the polio outbreak affect the war?
How did polio affect the work force in America?"
Who were some major figures during the polio outbreak?
In 1905, Dr. Ivar Wickman of Stockholm recognized the contagious nature of polio
In Vienna in 1908, Dr. Karl Landsteiner and Dr. Erwin Popper discovered that the infectious agent was a virus
This filterable virus was so small that it could not be seen until the electron microscope was invented in the 1930s
In the United States, Dr. Simon Flexner succeeded in transferring poliovirus from monkey to monkey artificially
However, he failed to distinguish between experimental poliomyelitis in the monkey and the natural spread of the disease in man
Because of this, most people thought the virus was air-borne, and the knowledge that it was an intestinal infection.
In 1921, at the age of 39, President Franklin D. Roosevelt contracted the disease.
He transformed an old spa in Warm Springs, Georgia, into a hydrotherapy center for polio survivors
Hydrotherapy: Also know as hydropathy, hydrotherapy uses warm water in physical therapy sessions to provide healing and relief.
Created the National Foundation for Infinite Paralysis, also known as the March of Dimes
Albert B. Sabin created the most-used Polio vaccine in the 1950s
Facts about polio
Polio is a crippling and potentially fatal infectious disease.
Mostly affected children, but many adults were affected as well.
There is no cure.
There are safe and effective vaccines.
The best way to get rid of polio is to immunize as many children around the world as possible.
People today, however, complain that doctors don't know ho to treat their post-polio syndrome.
Polio is also known as poliomyelitis
Poliomyelitis comes from two Greek words.
Polios, meaning grey
Myelos, or matter, and refers to the grey matter of the spinal cord