Bilingual Lexical Development, Assessment, and Intervention (:silhouettes:…
Bilingual Lexical Development, Assessment, and Intervention
A complete language assessment will address a bilingual child's development in both languages.
Parent report measures- developed for the use with English-Spanish speaking children is a common, valid method of assessing very young children's vocabulary.
:star: The MacArthur-Bates Communication Development Inventories
:star: Language Development Survey ( a less extensive vocabulary checklist)
:star: Dynamic Assessment (used with preschool children who may not be familiar with the expectations involved in vocabulary testing)
:star: Lexical Diversity (measures the child's use of word in communicative interactions with co-occurring cognitive, social, and other linguistic demands)
Cross Language Relationship Bilingual children's lexical development is very similar to that of their monolingual peers.
The similarities in vocabulary size is comparable to monolingual children when their language is taken into account and organization of semantic information among bilingual school-age-children's similar to that among their peers.
The differences are between bilingual and monolingual development. Performance on receptive word recognition tasks and expressive retrieval tasks for bilingual children than for monolingual children. Both initial fast mapping in subsequent development of depth of L2 vocabulary are areas in which sequential bilingual children may differ from monolingual peers.
Interventions for bilingual children should support development in both languages.
Incidental Teaching Opportunities
teach a young bilingual child the words he or she needs in each language as the need arises, using recommended practices for early intervention,
Joint Book Reading (for 2 year olds)
should be addressed in a comprehensive language intervention for young simultaneous bilinguals and children with language disorders who are in the early stages of langauge development.
Starting with L1 Skills
Teach L1 and later teaching them in English is more efficient for teaching vocabulary than first teaching English vocabulary. Children with strong L1 (spanish) skills made greater gains in learning second language vocabulary than the children with weaker L1 skills.
Vocabulary Instruction Strategies
Semantic Maps-graphic organizer that helps students visually organize the relationship between one pieces of information.
Word Wizard- interactive tool that uses themes in children's books to create word puzzles that students solve by unscrambling letters.
Word Detective-requires students to find new words as they encounter them in their daily reading
Word Connect-connect the two words by writing down each words definition on the Venn diagram, then explaining the reason for the connection
Concept Cube-explore a concept by using multimodal learning techniques combined with augmented reality to engage students in developing their understanding
Infer the meaning of unfamiliar English words may be particularly helpful for ELLS with language disorders provdided that can engage in metalinguistic analysis.