FACTORS AFFECTING CLIMATE (DISTANCE FROM THE SEA (Therefore inland areas…
FACTORS AFFECTING CLIMATE
Temperature around the world is affected by latitude, i.e how far north or south you are of the equator
Places near the equator are hotter than places near the poles.
Towards the poles the sun shines at an angle.
The suns rays - larger amount of atmosphere to travel through, heat is spread over a larger area so temperatures are lower
Places near the equator are hotter.
This is mainly due to the curvature of the earth and the angle of the sun
Along the equator the sun is often overhead; suns rays at a 90.
The suns rays only have a small distance to travel through the earths atmosphere
Sun's rays are concentrated in a small area which get very hot
In the Southern hemisphere the sun is generally found in the northern part of the sky. This means that a slope that faces north will be warmer than a slope that faces south
The opposite is true in the northern hemisphere
Is the direction in which the land, aslope or building faces
The cold Benguela current - the west coast of Africa, feeds cold, dry wind onto the land along the west coast keeping temperatures cool
The warm Agulhas/Mozambique current - south along the east coast of south africa, feeds warm, moist air onto the east coast keeping temperatures warm
DISTANCE FROM THE SEA
Therefore inland areas tend to be very hot during the day and cold at night. (Also warmer summers and colder winters than coastal areas)
Along the coast temperatures are moderate (not too hot at daytime or too cold at night)
Oceans taker a long time to heat up but retain their heat longer at night
Are heated to a greater depth
Ocean temperatures remain more constant that land temp.
Land heats up quickly (during the day) and cools down quickly (at night)
Only heated in the thin top layer
Land and sea react differently to heating
LAND AND SEA BREEZES
Day - land heats up faster than the sea. This warm air rises and a cool breeze blowing from the sea blows on to the land (sea breeze)
Night - sea remains warmer than land. Land loses it heat quickly and a cool breeze blows from land to sea (land breeze)