Scientific Submarine Design (Propulsion ( JAMES P ) (Fuel (Engine Supply…
Global Positioning Systems
Underwater Navigation Systems
Propulsion ( JAMES P )
Sensory Systems [ANGUS]
Above Water Sensors
A photonics mast is similar to a periscope but instead of using mirrors it is an electric system. Photonics masts have various sensors to provide the captain of the submarine with vital information.
A periscope works by having a system of mirrors that allow whoever is using it too look above the water while still being underwater in a Submarine. A periscope poke above the water just high enough to give a basic view of the surrounding area.
Physical sensors, such as those that involve moving parts and are visible by people may be required when researching the affects of the deep sea.
Lighting for the external parts of the submarine for navigation will have to be extremely powerful due to the effects water has on light.
There will have to be a combination of thermal, infrared and visible spectrum light cameras to create the best possible image.
Arms and other manipulators
Arms, such as those used on the space shuttle will be extremely useful for gathering samples of the surrounding area. Arms could also be used to feel the surroundings if cameras and lighting fails.
Radar works exactly like sonar except it works by bouncing radio waves off of objects.
Sonar is a system used to “see” things underwater. It works by bouncing a high pitched sound wave off of something underwater and recording the time it takes to respond. A computer takes this information and builds an image of the surroundings.
Depth and Pressure Gauges
Inertial Guidance System
The inertial guidance system is a system that uses accelerometers and gyroscopes to continuously calculate orientation, position and velocity. They don’t need an external frame of reference.
Global Positioning System
A GPS (Global positioning system) is a system that triangulates the position of an object using a series of satellites.
Crew Requirements (James and Jared)
Food and Drink
Dry food storage
Wireless Internal Connections
Alarm and Speaker Systems
Sattelite Internet Connection
Systems/jobs (kai Millsteed)
Life Support Systems
Electrolysis : this is the process of running electricity though salt or fresh water and removing the oxygen from it so that we can stay under water for long periods of time until required to surface for food and other requirements
Dirty Water Tank: the dirty water tank will hold Salt water and used water is needed and the will be boiled by a couple of boiling hot rods which will vaporise rise water and the mist(vapour) will be transferred into the clean tank
Clean Water: the clean water will be received from the dirty water tank after being processed.
Condensation System: the condensation system is described well in the Dirty water tanks description as a couple of boiling rods inside the tanks and which will seperate the stem from the non drinkable substances like salt seaweed and other stuff and then the steam will e pumped into the second tank where it will be cooled down to liquid state and then drinkable.
Power (Wires) the power wires will be connected by the generator and the wires will be connecting to all powered devices in the sub including power points.
Water tubes: the tubes will be connected to the clean water tanks and will be connecting to water fountains, toilets and sinks and then will be recycled.
Air Vents: the air vents will provide all the rooms with oxygen provided by the electrolysis system.
Engines: Gasoline engines and diesel engines used by cars and trucks, and jet engines used by planes, need a supply of oxygen from the air to make them work. Things are different for submarines, which operate underwater where there is no air. Most submarines except nuclear ones have diesel-electric engines. The diesel engine operates normally when the sub is near the surface but it doesn't drive the sub's propellers directly. Instead, it powers an electricity generator that charges up huge batteries.
Tower: Submarines are cigar-shaped so they can slip smoothly through the water. But in the very center, there's a tall tower packed with navigation and other equipment. Sometimes known as the conning tower (because, historically, it contained a submarines controls), it's also referred to simply as the tower or the sail.
Planes: Just as sharks have fins on their bodies to help them swim and dive, so submarines have fins called diving planes or hydroplanes. They work a bit like the wings and control surfaces (swivelling flaps) on an airplane, creating an upward force called lift. Buoyancy is the tendency of something to sink, rise, or float at a certain depth.
Pressure hull:The pressure of water pushing inward is the biggest problem for anyone who wants to go deep beneath the ocean surface. Even with scuba tanks, we can dive only so far because the immense pressure soon makes it impossible to breath. At a depth of 600m (2000ft), the maximum depth subs ever dive to, the water pressure is over 60 times greater than it is at the surface!
Ballast tanks: There are spaces in between the two hulls that can be filled with either air or water. These are called the ballast tanks and, with the diving planes, they give a sub control over its buoyancy, particularly during the first part of a dive or a return to the surface from the depths. When the ballast tanks are filled with air, the submarine rises to the surface because it has positive buoyancy.
circuit and switch boards