Vocabulary UNIT 7
athetics, basketball, diving, football, golf, gymnastics, ice hockey, judo, sailing, skiing, swimming, snowboarding, table tennis, volleyball, weightlifting.
Sports venues and equipment
boots, club, course, court, goal, goggles, gym, net, pitch, pool, racket, rink, skates, skis, slope, track, trainers.
Phrasal verbs connected with sport
give in, go for, join in, knock out, take up, warm up, work out.
Vocabulary UNIT 8
Art, theatre, music
abstract painting, audience, cast, drawing, exhibition, gallery, gig, landscape, lighting, lyrics, masterpiece, orchestra, performance, play, sculpture, (self-) portrait, sketch, stage, still life, studio.
actor, artist, composer, conductor, dancer, musician, painter, performer, sculptor, singer-songwriter.
Adjectives ending in "ing" and "ed"
amazed/amazing, bored/boring, confused/confusing, dissapointed/dissapointing, disgusted/disgusting, embarrassed/embarrassing, excited/exciting, frightened/frightening, inspired/inspiring, interested/interesting, relaxed/relaxing, surprised/surprising, tired/tiring, uninspired/uninspiring.
Grammar UNIT 7
Defining relative clauses
who, that, which, whose, where, when.
We use them to give essential information about the person, thing, place or time in the first half of the sentence. The sentence does not usually make sense without the relative clause.
Example: Beijing is the place where they held the 2008 Olympics. Sunday is the day when I play tennis. That´s the player whose team is top of the league.
Non- defining relative clauses :
who, that, which, whose, where, when.
We use them to give extra, non essential information about the person, thing, place or time in the first half of the sentence. The commas work show the information is not vital to the sentence. This clauses are not so common in conversation and can seem formal.
Example: This city, where I was born, is famous for its football teams. Tennis, whichis my favouritesport, is a very old game. John, whose team is top of the league, is a very good player.
Writing UNIT 7
Useful words and expressions in film reviews
happy ending, main character, play the role of, plot, scene, sreenplay, soundtrack, special effects, the acting, to star.
Adjectives to describe films
Positive: amazing, exciting, funny, hilarious, great, inspiring, interesting, spectacular.
Negative: awful, boring, stupid, uninspiring.
Types of films
action, animated film, comedy, drama, fantasy, horror, musical. science fiction, thriller, war, western.
Speaking UNIT 7
Useful expressions in presentations
Beginning a presentation.
I´d like to begin by saying..., I´m going to talk about...
Firstly, secondly, it´s also true that, what´s more, first of all, another thing is that..., furthermore.
For example, look at the case of, finally, last but not least, the point I´m trying to make is..., for instance, concluding, to sum up, in short.
Speakig UNIT 8
Useful words and expressions for reporting past events
At first, first, next, then, later, a few seconds/minutes/hours/days later, after ten minutes/half an hour/ a while, after that, finally, in the end.
Writing UNIT 8
Useful advice for writing annuncements
Use short, clear sentences. Have a slogan or a title which attracts attention. Make the announcement easy to understand and interesting to read. Include all the practical information and details that a reader needs to know.
Grammar UNIT 8
Direct speech - Reported speech: present simple - past simple, present continuous - past continous, present perfect - past perfect, past simple - past perfect, will - would, can - could, may - might, must/ have to - had.
Direct speech - Reported speech: this - that, here - there, today - that day, yesterday - the day before, tomorrow - the next/following day, tonight - that night, next(week/month/year) - the following (week/month/year), last (week/month/year) - the previous (week/month/year), a (week/month/year) ago - a (week/month/year) before.
We use it to report the words spoken by another person.
Example: I enjoy painting - He says he enjoys painting. I´ve got your pen - Mark said he had my pen.